Blood Pressure and Heart Rate at Rest and During Exercise: What Are the Differences?

Blood Pressure and Heart Rate at Rest and During Exercise: What Are the Differences?

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Blood Pressure and Heart Rate at Rest and During Exercise: What are the Differences?

Introduction:
Currently, it is not possible to prescribe isometric exercise at an intensity that corresponds to given heart rates or systolic blood pressures1. This might be useful in optimizing the effects of isometric exercise training1. According to further study on this topic, linear relationships that have been discovered could be used to identify isometric exercise training intensities that correspond to precise heart rates or systolic blood pressures. Training performed in this way might provide greater insight into the underlying mechanisms for the cardiovascular adaptations that are known to occur as a result2. Studies have also shown a direct, strong, independent and continuous relation between blood pressure and cardiovascular mortality without any evidence of a threshold down to at least 115/75 mm Hg3. Further, it has been demonstrated that, as compared with optimal BP, normal and high-normal BP are associated with a higher incidence of CV disease3.
The main question being asked here is how exactly does exercise intensity affect heart rate and blood pressure levels. As exercise intensity relates to heart rate, we believe that as exercise intensity increases, heart rate will go up, but recover slightly during the recovery period. As exercise intensity relates to blood pressure, we would expect both systolic and diastolic numbers to go up as intensity increase, with systolic increasing more due to the body’s need of more blood.
Materials and Methods:
Pre-exercise: For this activity, each group member needed to be familiar with taking and reading another group member’s blood pressure. Many types of instruments exist for measurin...


... middle of paper ...


...dwin M, Parlow JL. Effects of low-intensity exercise conditioning on blood pressure, heart rate, and autonomic modulation of heart rate in men and women with hypertension. 2009 Oct; Vol. 11 (2), pp. 129-43. Date of Electronic Publication: 2009 Jan 15. Ebscohost. Available from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.elmhurst.edu/ehost/detail?sid=e45c21d6-7074-4dc5-8390-f4e832d5c470%40sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=126&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=mnh&AN=19150992
3. VA Cornelissen, B Verheyden, AE Aubert and RH Fagard. Effects of aerobic training intensity on resting, exercise and post-exercise blood pressure, heart rate and heart-rate variability. Journal of Human Hypertension (2010) 24, 175–182. Ebsohost. Available from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.elmhurst.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1e07b620-5e31-4733-ac67-63170534f7b3%40sessionmgr115&vid=2&hid=126



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