Currently, it is not possible to prescribe isometric exercise at an intensity that corresponds to given heart rates or systolic blood pressures1. This might be useful in optimizing the effects of isometric exercise training1. According to further study on this topic, linear relationships that have been discovered could be used to identify isometric exercise training intensities that correspond to precise heart rates or systolic blood pressures. Training performed in this way might provide greater insight into the underlying mechanisms for the cardiovascular adaptations that are known to occur as a result2. Studies have also shown a direct, strong, independent and continuous relation between blood pressure and cardiovascular mortality without any evidence of a threshold down to at least 115/75 mm Hg3. Further, it has been demonstrated that, as compared with optimal BP, normal and high-normal BP are associated with a higher incidence of CV disease3.
The main question being asked here is how exactly does exercise intensity affect heart rate and blood pressure levels. As exercise intensity relates to heart rate, we believe that as exercise intensity increases, heart rate will go up, but recover slightly during the recovery period. As exercise intensity relates to blood pressure, we would expect both systolic and diastolic numbers to go up as intensity increase, with systolic increasing more due to the body’s need of more blood.
Materials and Methods:
Pre-exercise: For this activity, each group member needed to be familiar with taking and reading another group member’s blood pressure. Many types of instruments exist for measurin...
... middle of paper ...
...dwin M, Parlow JL. Effects of low-intensity exercise conditioning on blood pressure, heart rate, and autonomic modulation of heart rate in men and women with hypertension. 2009 Oct; Vol. 11 (2), pp. 129-43. Date of Electronic Publication: 2009 Jan 15. Ebscohost. Available from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.elmhurst.edu/ehost/detail?sid=e45c21d6-7074-4dc5-8390-f4e832d5c470%40sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=126&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=mnh&AN=19150992
3. VA Cornelissen, B Verheyden, AE Aubert and RH Fagard. Effects of aerobic training intensity on resting, exercise and post-exercise blood pressure, heart rate and heart-rate variability. Journal of Human Hypertension (2010) 24, 175–182. Ebsohost. Available from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.elmhurst.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1e07b620-5e31-4733-ac67-63170534f7b3%40sessionmgr115&vid=2&hid=126
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Leading a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise is important in strengthening the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, such as the heart. As a result, I believe that there would be significant differences in respiratory and cardiovascular variables between sedentary and active people. In this experiment, sedentary and active males who take part in aerobic exercise for more than five hours a week had their VO2, VCO2, a-v O2 diff, CO, and MAP measured through a bicycle ergometer protocol. Using physiological reasoning, active males would have a VO2, lower VCO2, higher a-v O2 diff, higher CO, and lower MAP than sedentary males at rest and peak work rates.... [tags: Blood, Heart, Oxygen, Vein]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Page 2 Vicki is a 42 year-old African American woman who was recently diagnosed with hypertension. Hypertension, also know as high blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry the oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body’s tissues. One of the main reasons hypertension can be so dangerous is because you may not even know you’re suffering from it, in fact, nearly one-third of patients suffering from hypertension don’t even know that they have it (WebMD 2015).... [tags: Artery, Blood, Hypertension, Blood pressure]
712 words (2 pages)
- 1. Did you notice any changes in the vital signs assessed with different body positions. Explain your results. Yes. We noticed that our respiratory rate, pulse, and blood pressure changed when sitting, standing, and being in supine position. When looking at the three different positions, there was not a big difference when measuring my respiratory rate. My respiratory from lowest to highest is in the order of supine (11 BPM), standing (12 BPM), and lastly sitting (14 BPM). When looking at my pulse, there was quite a difference in the measurement.... [tags: pulse, exercise, heart]
615 words (1.8 pages)
- In this experiment, several physiological parameters were observed in three patients before, during, and after moderate exercise. One of these parameters was the pulmonary airflow, which was recorded utilizing an Airflow Transducer. This device measures airflow using slight pressure differences created by the resistance of a screen inside the device. Pulmonary airflow is the rate of movement into and out of the lungs, and is directly proportional to the pressure difference of the intrapulmonary pressure and the atmospheric pressure, and inversely proportional to the resistance of the lungs (elasticity/diameter of air pathways).1 The BIOPAC program then can convert the airflow to volume of ai... [tags: Heart, Muscle, Blood, Exercise physiology]
1037 words (3 pages)
- Our experiment tested the effects of exercise on blood pressure. My partners and I would measure a test subject’s blood pressure after they had completed three exercises, walking, jumping, and performing jumping jacks until their blood pressure gauge reached 50 mmHg. We recorded jogging with the greatest change in both systolic (change in 26) and diastolic rate (change in 8). Our hypothesis was wrong as we thought jumping jacks would cause the great change as it requires the exercise of the entire body including all four limbs.... [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Artery]
1120 words (3.2 pages)
- ... (Blood Pressure: Questions You Have. . . Answers You Need, 1997) Systolic BP Diastolic BP Category (mm Hg) (mm Hg) Optimal <120 <80 Normal 120-129 80-84 High normal 130-139 85-89 Hypertension Stage 1 140-159 90-99 Stage 2 160-179... [tags: health problems, weight loss]
871 words (2.5 pages)
- “With the exception of nutrition, more fallacies exist in the area of exercise than in any other area of health” (Dintiman, Stone, Pennington, & Davis, 1984). Exercise produces significant physical and mental benefits and is extremely vital to life. It substantially improves stamina, strengthens and tones muscles, helps prevent diseases, enhances flexibility, controls weight, and prolongs the quality of life. In order to gain all the benefits from exercise and be truly healthy, it is very important to understand and take action with both types of exercise: anaerobic and aerobic.... [tags: Exercise]
1008 words (2.9 pages)
- My blood pressure and heart rate were both consistently higher than the overall class average during the posture portion of the experiment. For instance, my heart rate in the prone position was about 10 beats faster than the class average. It could have been due to an error within the blood pressure cuff. It could also be due to the amount of stress I was undergoing on that day. However, the blood pressure cuff that I used presented higher heart rate readings then the readings I counted on my own from my radial pulse per minute.... [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Heart rate]
837 words (2.4 pages)
- The Necessity of Exercise Exercise not only changes the body. It changes an individual’s mind, attitude and mood. Exercise is necessary for a person’s health. Exercise is a physical activity that is done to become stronger and healthier. Doing exercise will help make daily tasks easier to do. There are countless effects exercise has on the body. Most all of these effects are beneficial. There are a lot of things going on in the body when exercising. When working out for a while the body soon realizes that it’s not stopping anytime soon and the body goes into aerobic respiration and responds with oxygen.... [tags: Muscle, Exercise physiology, Physical exercise]
2902 words (8.3 pages)
- 1) Compare and contrast the energy systems used by yourself completing a run/swim/run event of 200m running, 50m swim and 200m running compared to an elite athlete competing in an ironman triathlon (3.8km swim, 180km cycle, 42km run) (2A) (20 marks) 200m run, 50m swim, 200m run Lactic acid system, does not require oxygen, it is the dominant source of energy during high intensity activities lasting 30-60 seconds, (200m run) (50m swim). Lactic acid builds up when exercising at a high level and eventually results in fatigue.... [tags: Exercise Physiology]
1283 words (3.7 pages)