The Black Of Black Arts Movement Essay

The Black Of Black Arts Movement Essay

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After Malcolm X was assassinated in 1965, those who embraced the Black Power Movement became Black Revolutionary Nationalists and were a part of the Black Panther Party or were Black Cultural Nationalists who called for the creation of poetry, visual arts, and other artistic creations to reflect pride in Black people and formed the Black Arts Movement. The latter movement took place in an era that dealt with multiple issues regarding racial discrimination, poverty, and lack of civil rights. Black communities needed to be empowered by the visually artistic manifestations of art, poetry, and plays that not only depicted their struggles as Blacks, but gave them strength to love their culture and achieve self-determination as a people. Several of the artists who contributed to the Black Arts Movement included, Leroi Jones, also known as Amiri Baraka; father of the movement, Larry Neal, Sonia Sanchez, and Nikki Giovanni. These artists sought to create art that spoke directly to the issues, aspirations, and sociopolitical rights of Black Americans. The Black Arts Movement was also said to be the ‘spiritual sister’ of the Black Power Movement, but it was sexist, racially exclusive and was in no way feminine or very supportive of its Black women. Overall, this movement is one of the most influential movements in regards to Black literature and music because it inspired Black people to write and led to the creation of theaters, journals, magazines led to the creation of African-American Studies programs within universities.
The Black Arts Movement had been variously associated, with the uprisings in cities, assassination of Malcolm X in 1965, and the Black Power Movement. In addition, during the mid to late 1960s, rebellions occurred in Ha...


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... Literature, 423). Politically engaged Black art was key to the Black Arts Movement and it stems from Baraka’s experience and inspiration with various Black political leaders and movements.
Aside from Amiri Baraka, significant artists of the movement that will be explored within this paper are Larry Neal, Sonia Sanchez and Nikki Giovanni. These artists became spokesmen and women for their people and convinced them to go back to their roots which strengthened their racial pride. Black men and women who advocated on behalf of the Black Arts Movement denounced the white ideal way of life and stereotypes that subconsciously and publicly enforced oppression on their culture and identity. The artists involved in the movement believed that artistic production was the key to revising stereotypes of Black inferiority and stereotypes that lay at the heart of American racism.

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