The Black Death was an epidemic of bubonic plague, a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis that passed among wild rodents where they live in immense numbers and density. This area where these wild rodents passed the sickness among themselves is called a ‘plague focus’ or a ‘plague reservoir’. Plague among humans arises when rodents in human habitation, normally black rats, become infected. The black rat, which is also “the house rat” and the “ship rat”, likes to live close to people, this is what makes black rats very dangerous dangerous (in contrast, the brown or grey rat prefers to keep its distance in sewers and cellars). Usually, it takes ten to fourteen days before plague has killed off most of a contaminated rat colony, making it difficult for big numbers of fleas gathered on the rem...
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...ere many incidences of healthy Italian travelers and traders being exiled from villages or even killed out of fear of the plague spreading outside Italy. These measures proved inconsequential, and the plague spread farther and farther north. Wherever trade routes existed, normally the Black Death would follow, roaring out from Italy. The Plague reached France shortly after Italy. Marseilles felt the effects in January of 1348 and Paris was infected in summer of the same year. England felt the effects in September of 1348. 1348 Europe suffered the most. By the end of 1348, Germany, France, England, Italy all felt the plague. Norway was infected in 1349, and Eastern European countries began to fall victim during the early 1350s. Russia felt the effects later in 1351. By the end of this circular path around Europe, one third of all people in the infected areas had died.
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- The origins of the Black Death can be traced back to the Gobi Desert of Mongolia in the 1320s. The cause of this sudden eruption of the plague is not exactly known. From the desert, it spread out in all directions. Of most importance was the spread eastward to China. China suffered an emergence of bubonic plague during the early 1330s. During the expansion of trade during the Early and High Middle ages, trade routes with China were strengthened and ventured greatly. European traders, particularly those from the Italian city states, traveled the Black Sea region regularly.... [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis]
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- Origins of the Black Death could be traced back to the Gobi desert of Mongolia in the early 1320s’. The plague was not known for its disastrous effects until it spread eastward into China in the early 1330s’. During that time the growth of trade was at its prime, trade routes with China were strengthened and ventured greatly. European traders traveled the Black Sea regularly trading with China and other regions. Surviving documents at the time were discovered shining light on were the spread of the plague started in Europe.... [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]
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- Morgan Woods Sonja Martinez English IV, 4th hour 23 March 2016 The Black Death The Black Death was known as the greatest catastrophe ever. It killed 50 million people in the 14th century or 60 percent of Europe 's population. Yersinia pestis is a disease among rats that were on ships that were on a highly traveled trading routes, which is why this disease spread so quickly. Medieval Europe was extremely over populated until the biggest plague swept in and killed millions of people, which allowed for change in society and stronger economic growth.... [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Middle Ages]
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