The Black Death initially appeared on the Asian steppes as an epidemic among marmots. The fur of dead animals were collected and sold in bundles to customers from the west. It is possible that the fleas from the fur of dead animals jumped to potential human hosts. The human outbreak arose alongside the Volga River in the eastern part of Russia. From there, the plague spread west to the Don River and down to the Black Sea, soon maneuvering its way to the Mediterranean ports of Europe (Ampel 1991, 659).
The Black Death is known to have originated in Kaffa in the Crimea by 1343. The pestilence spread from the surrounding lands of the Golden Horde then southwards into the Caucasus west into the Crimea. Upon entering the Crimea, the disease traveled down along the coastline of the Black Sea to the Circassians, the Abkhazians and the Armenians where it spread into the Asia Minor, the Middle East and Persia (Benedictow 2004, 35-50).
In October 1347, the Black Death journeyed its way to Sicily, Italy. Twelve Genose galleys arrived at the docks of Messina with plague-ridden sailors and just within a few days, the plague conquered the entire city (Ziegler 1969, 132). Feeling desperate,...
... middle of paper ...
...educed the success rate of plague transmission. Contrastingly, humid and warmer conditions such as the summer became breeding grounds for fleas, increasing transmission of the plague (Stenseth et al. 2006, 13111).
The Black Death marks a major turning point in world history. Without its reign of terror, the world would not be the same. Many generations of lives were prematurely lost and the infrastructure of Europe was almost nearly destroyed. It took over 150 years for Europe to rebuild the devastating aftermath of what the plague had left behind. The bubonic plague pandemic and its large mortality rate sparked numerous studies to pinpoint the exact causes and origins of the disease – shedding light on its dark and mysterious past. With present day resources and technologic advancements, we are now able to understand the Black Death even clearer than ever before.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Between the years 1346 and 1353, Europe faced one of history’s deadliest pandemic, The Bubonic Plague, also known as The Black Death. With its quick spread across Europe, the plague is estimated to have taken the lives of 75-200 million people. The bacterium Yersina pestis, found in rat fleas, is traced back to be the main source of transmission of the plague disease. The Black Death left a mark in the development of the western world politically, socially, economically and culturally. Ultimately, the plague affected the course of European history forever.... [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]
3275 words (9.4 pages)
- In medieval times, people were terrified by thoughts of hell and purgatory. Religious tensions were on the rise, which caused an overwhelming sense of worry about the afterlife amongst the people. The average life span back in the middle Ages was short, those individuals that were able to make it out of their twenties were considered fortunate. Life expectancy dramatically decreased when the bubonic plague manifested itself. The pestilence took over the lives of almost every individual in continental Europe.... [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- The Black Death was an epidemic of bubonic plague, a sickness caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis that circulates among wild rodents where they reside in immense numbers and compactness. Such an extent is name a ‘embarrass focus’ or a ‘trouble tank’. Plague among humans arises when rodents in human habitation, ordinarily black rats, get infected. The black squeal, also called the ‘tribe squeal’ and the ‘vessel rat’, likes to last consummate to people, the very quality that become it dangerous (in contrast, the brown or grey squeal promote to keep its alienation in sewers and cellars).... [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
- The bubonic plague or better known as the “Black Death” is our world’s greatest and deadliest outbreak in the history of mankind. The plague claimed up to 50 million lives or almost 60% of Afro-Eurasia’s population at that time. It began in what is now Asia in the early 1340’s and hit Western Europe in the year 1347. It is widely believed that the plague originated in fleas that were carried widely by rats who eventually came into contact with humans. One main reason the disease spread so easily was in the form of traveling ships involved in trade.... [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Judaism]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- Imagine horrific death took over your city and most of your loved ones were gone. You once believed in your faith most definitely, but now question everything; why are you here. Is there a higher power in existence. Is there a God. What is God. The world you once knew deteriorated; everything you were certain of and the society around you crumbled before you. These were all the effect of the Black Death. The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague occurred between 1347 and 1351.It was a mass disaster that had spread throughout Europe.... [tags: health catastrophes in European history]
755 words (2.2 pages)
- In the new health guide website, doctors believe the black plague or death was a mixture of Yersinia pestis and bubonic plague. This deadly disease caused over two hundred million deaths in the past (Stenseth NC, Atshabar BB, Begon M, Belmain SR, Bertherat E, Carniel E, 2008). The plague was caused by black rats that carried fleas who carried the bacteria that will later evolve into a deadly virus. The black plague did not just affect humans it killed rodents as well. It was not just the black rats that carried the fleas that brought the black plague.... [tags: Black Death, Bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis]
1753 words (5 pages)
- The Black Death: Bubonic Plague’s Worst Disaster It has been called “the greatest catastrophe ever.” That statement was made in reference to the Black Death which was one of many bubonic plague epidemics. Throughout history, the bubonic plague proved itself to be an extremely lethal disease. Outbreaks of the bubonic plague were devastating because of the stunning number of deaths in each of the populations it reached. The Black Death was the worst epidemic and disaster of the bubonic plague in all of history.... [tags: plague, bacteria, victims]
1759 words (5 pages)
- The Bubonic Plague, or Black Death, had many negative as well as positive effects on medieval Europe. While being one of the worst and deadliest diseases in the history of the world,it indirectly helped Europe break grounds for some of the basic necessities forlife today. The Black Death erupted in the Gobi Desert in the late 1320s, but one really knows why. The plague bacillus was alive and active long before that; as Europe itself had suffered an epidemic in the 6th century. But the disease had lain relatively dormant in the succeeding centuries.... [tags: The Bubonic Plague]
587 words (1.7 pages)
- The Black Plague "No pestilence had ever been so fatal, or so hideous. Blood was its Avatar and its seal-the redness and horror of blood." (Edgar Allen Poe The Masque of the Red Death.) Many thought the Black Plague was a curse from God; punishment for the sins the infected had committed. Those that survived were the chosen people, the ones who abided by the laws of the Church. Scientists know now that the devastating disease was not a result of sins or spiritual inadequacy, but the terrible illness was caused by a strain of bacteria called Yersinia pestis.... [tags: The Bubonic Plague]
688 words (2 pages)
- The Bubonic Plague, was a natural form of population control. Before the plague, life in Europe was getting worse by the day. Europe was severely overpopulated and in a great economic depression. Most of the land that could be farmed on had been abused. This made it difficult to grow food. Overpopulation is the condition of having a population so dense as to cause environmental deterioration, and an impaired quality of life. There was a great rift between the social classes. The poor were treated very badly before the plague.... [tags: The Bubonic Plague]
881 words (2.5 pages)
- Implementing The Electronic Medication Administration Record ( Emar )
- Anorexia Nervos A Serious Emotional And Physical Psychiatric Disorder
- The Effect Of Co2 On Our Earth 's Ecosystem
- The European Union And Regional Organizations
- The Loss Of Self Control
- The Effects Of Amphetamines And Its Effects On Society