The Black Death Of The Bubonic Plague Essay

The Black Death Of The Bubonic Plague Essay

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Between the years 1346 and 1353, Europe faced one of history’s deadliest pandemic, The Bubonic Plague, also known as The Black Death. With its quick spread across Europe, the plague is estimated to have taken the lives of 75-200 million people. The bacterium Yersina pestis, found in rat fleas, is traced back to be the main source of transmission of the plague disease. The Black Death left a mark in the development of the western world politically, socially, economically and culturally. Ultimately, the plague affected the course of European history forever.
The Black Death initially appeared on the Asian steppes as an epidemic among marmots. The fur of dead animals were collected and sold in bundles to customers from the west. It is possible that the fleas from the fur of dead animals jumped to potential human hosts. The human outbreak arose alongside the Volga River in the eastern part of Russia. From there, the plague spread west to the Don River and down to the Black Sea, soon maneuvering its way to the Mediterranean ports of Europe (Ampel 1991, 659).
The Black Death is known to have originated in Kaffa in the Crimea by 1343. The pestilence spread from the surrounding lands of the Golden Horde then southwards into the Caucasus west into the Crimea. Upon entering the Crimea, the disease traveled down along the coastline of the Black Sea to the Circassians, the Abkhazians and the Armenians where it spread into the Asia Minor, the Middle East and Persia (Benedictow 2004, 35-50).
In October 1347, the Black Death journeyed its way to Sicily, Italy. Twelve Genose galleys arrived at the docks of Messina with plague-ridden sailors and just within a few days, the plague conquered the entire city (Ziegler 1969, 132). Feeling desperate,...


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...educed the success rate of plague transmission. Contrastingly, humid and warmer conditions such as the summer became breeding grounds for fleas, increasing transmission of the plague (Stenseth et al. 2006, 13111).
The Black Death marks a major turning point in world history. Without its reign of terror, the world would not be the same. Many generations of lives were prematurely lost and the infrastructure of Europe was almost nearly destroyed. It took over 150 years for Europe to rebuild the devastating aftermath of what the plague had left behind. The bubonic plague pandemic and its large mortality rate sparked numerous studies to pinpoint the exact causes and origins of the disease – shedding light on its dark and mysterious past. With present day resources and technologic advancements, we are now able to understand the Black Death even clearer than ever before.

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The Black Death Of The Bubonic Plague Essay

- Between the years 1346 and 1353, Europe faced one of history’s deadliest pandemic, The Bubonic Plague, also known as The Black Death. With its quick spread across Europe, the plague is estimated to have taken the lives of 75-200 million people. The bacterium Yersina pestis, found in rat fleas, is traced back to be the main source of transmission of the plague disease. The Black Death left a mark in the development of the western world politically, socially, economically and culturally. Ultimately, the plague affected the course of European history forever....   [tags: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague]

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