Psychology contains many theorists and psychologists, the three I found most interest in were B.F Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Abraham Maslow. B.F Skinner was a behaviorist who was known for operant conditioning, which is defined as “organisms associate their own actions with consequences” (Myers, 2014, p.263). He designed an operant chamber known as the Skinner box. He used reinforcement to strengthen the response that was intended. He also said that you could use a process known as shaping, gradually guiding actions towards the desired action. Sigmund Freud believed strongly in dreams. He believed there was a latent and a manifest content to dreams. The manifest content is the symbolic meaning of the latent content, which is the unconscious drive (Myers, 2014, p.99). Abraham Maslow made a hierarchy of needs and that you could not ...
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...etter understand yourself. For example, if a person was abused as a child and they are now an adult they might lash out or become angry because they never had that attachment to anyone (Myers, 2014, p.148). By understanding, they were abused and neglected people can better understand and help them out.
Another way psychology plays a role in understanding human conditioning is knowing the different types of disorders and being able to help them. For example, people with schizophrenia have delusions and troubles seeing reality from not there. For many people who do not know about this condition it makes it very hard on the individual dealing with the condition and can make them feel very alone. Often times schizophrenia is linked to high rates of suicide. However, by understanding it we can cut down on those rates drastically and help them due to psychology research.
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