The Birth Of Psychology : Psychology Essay

The Birth Of Psychology : Psychology Essay

Length: 1414 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The birth of psychology was in December of 1879, at Germanys University of Leipzig (Myers, 2014, p.2). In 1960, Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener defines psychology as “the science of mental health” (Myers, 2014, p.4). However, two provocative American psychologists, John Watson and B.F Skinner, redefined psychology in 1920. They redefined psychology as “the scientific study of observable behavior” (Myers, 2014, p.4). The problem arose when psychologists realized people could not observe feeling or thought so they needed to come up with a new definition for psychology. We define psychology today as “the science of behavior and mental processes” (Myers, 2014, p.4). Psychology includes many subfields such as human development, social behavior, cognitive processes, etc. Even though psychology is a relatively new science, its origins can be traced back to ancient Greece, 400-500 years BC (McLeod, 2011).
Psychology contains many theorists and psychologists, the three I found most interest in were B.F Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Abraham Maslow. B.F Skinner was a behaviorist who was known for operant conditioning, which is defined as “organisms associate their own actions with consequences” (Myers, 2014, p.263). He designed an operant chamber known as the Skinner box. He used reinforcement to strengthen the response that was intended. He also said that you could use a process known as shaping, gradually guiding actions towards the desired action. Sigmund Freud believed strongly in dreams. He believed there was a latent and a manifest content to dreams. The manifest content is the symbolic meaning of the latent content, which is the unconscious drive (Myers, 2014, p.99). Abraham Maslow made a hierarchy of needs and that you could not ...


... middle of paper ...


...etter understand yourself. For example, if a person was abused as a child and they are now an adult they might lash out or become angry because they never had that attachment to anyone (Myers, 2014, p.148). By understanding, they were abused and neglected people can better understand and help them out.
Another way psychology plays a role in understanding human conditioning is knowing the different types of disorders and being able to help them. For example, people with schizophrenia have delusions and troubles seeing reality from not there. For many people who do not know about this condition it makes it very hard on the individual dealing with the condition and can make them feel very alone. Often times schizophrenia is linked to high rates of suicide. However, by understanding it we can cut down on those rates drastically and help them due to psychology research.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Birth of Psychology Essay

- Rene Descartes, Herman von Helmholtz, and Wilhelm Wundt all played important roles in creating psychology how it is today, by going beyond what the thought processes were at their time and expanding on knowledge. They didn’t look at the world as other’s did, and they didn’t take “no” for an answer. These great thinkers were centuries to decades apart, but their theories combined and collided into the new psychology. One step, and great contributor to the birth of psychology was Rene Descartes. Descartes was a philosopher born in France in 1596....   [tags: Rene Descartes, Herman von Helmholtz]

Better Essays
1610 words (4.6 pages)

Alfred Adler 's Personality Theory Essays

- Alfred Adler (1870-1937) was an Austrian psychiatrist who came up with the ideas found in Alderian Psychology, or otherwise known as Individual psychology. Alderian psychology brought forth new ideas to the world of psychology and focused on individuals’ social contexts and the way things like birth order, way of life, etc., play a part in an individual’s behavior and sense of self. Adler was acquainted with Sigmund Freud, and often attended his seminars and learned a lot from him. However, he deviated from Freud’s iconic couch and instead used two chairs to try to create a feel of equality for him and his patients....   [tags: Psychology, Alfred Adler, Birth order]

Better Essays
970 words (2.8 pages)

The Effects Of Mental Health On A Huge Risk For Children Who Are Born Prematurely

- Introduction Mental health in a huge risk for children who are born prematurely. Mental health is a person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional. A child being born prematurely is a big risk of mental health. Children who are premature maybe caused by their mother or the baby itself. A baby is born premature when he or she is born before the 37th week of pregnancy compared to a normal pregnancy that lasts about 40 weeks. (Jenny Hope, 2012) Premature babies are at risk of brain development and can lead to long-term intellectual and developmental disabilities because they are not fully developed....   [tags: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Psychology]

Better Essays
1054 words (3 pages)

Essay on Alfred Adler : A Man Ahead Of His Time

- Alfred Adler has commonly been described as a man ahead of his time (Wedding & Corsini, 2014). He had several philosophical influences and spent all of his time reading, writing, and lecturing to share his powerful thoughts, ideas, and beliefs. The following will describe Alfred Adler’s personal history, major events that occurred in his life, and the contributions that he has made to the field of psychology. Alfred Adler was born on February 7th 1870 in Vienna (Wedding & Corsini, 2014). He was the third of seven children in his family, born to a Jewish grain merchant and his wife....   [tags: Alfred Adler, Psychology, Birth order, Adlerian]

Better Essays
3008 words (8.6 pages)

Treatment Plan Based On Adler 's Theory Essay examples

- Treatment Plan based on Adler’s Theory Alfred Adler’s personality theory is referred to as Individual Psychology. This theory states, “The unique motivations of individuals and the importance of each person’s perceived niche in society (Schustack, 2012).” According to Adler striving for superiority is the core of one’s personality. He felt that people are motivated to fight for superiority when faced with an overpowering sense of helplessness which can ultimately lead to a feeling of inferiority....   [tags: Psychology, Psychotherapy, Family, Birth order]

Better Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

Birth Order Essay

- For centuries, it has been disputed among social psychologists all over the world as to whether or not birth order has any influence on one’s personal characteristics. Theorists such as Alfred Adler and Frank Sulloway have provided extensive amounts of research and evidence suggesting that the order of one’s birth within the family does in fact have a profound and lifelong effect on individuals, influencing numerous aspects of live including personality, intelligence, and relationships. Alfred Adler was the first theorist to propose the idea that an individual’s birth order has an effect on various traits....   [tags: Psychology ]

Better Essays
1037 words (3 pages)

Birth Order and Its Implications on Personality Essay

- At the intersection of psychology, sociology and biology lies a rich subject for exploration: birth order and its implications on an individual’s personality. In the past, research has identified trends and tendencies linking personality to birth order, the ranking of siblings within a family. Even though siblings within the same family have the same parents, the interactions with those parents will differ due to innate or genetic differences between the siblings. As such, their experiences within the family unit can be varied and this can affect their psychological development....   [tags: Parenting, Child Psychology]

Better Essays
1752 words (5 pages)

The Effects of Birth Order on Personality Essay examples

- The study of personality is multi-faceted. There are many factors that shape one’s personality, and many definitions of the word itself. Personality has the ability to intensely affect one’s interpersonal relationships in many aspects. One factor of personality that has been studied extensively is birth order. Birth order refers to the numerical place of a person in the order of births in his or her family and how that person fits in the constellation of the family (Ernst & Angst, 9). It has been observed across many studies that members of each rank—oldest, middle, youngest or single children—tend to have similar personalities as members of the same rank (Ernst & Angst, 13-16)....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
995 words (2.8 pages)

The Effects of Birth Order on Personality Essay

- A typical family of three kids sits at the dinner table. The oldest is going on about how she has just one the school another basketball game by breaking the tie in the last seconds. The middle child is just staring at her plate and wishing her older sister for just five minutes out of the day could just keep her mouth shut. All this goes on while the youngest brother sits across from them making faces and giggling. This is the mold for an average family with three children. The oldest is the perfectionist, the middle is the loner, and the youngest is the comedian (Birth)....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
1181 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Birth Order

- Birth Order Does being the eldest child make people highly intellectual, people pleasing, perfectionists. Are the middle children always impatiently competing for parental attention by rebelling against the rules. Are all last-born children the spoiled, selfish, favorites. Birth order, a highly controversial topic, is defined as the dynamics of an individual’s place in the family compared to that of their siblings. Birth order has been in a fiery discussion for over one hundred years; some say it’s the very foundation of each one of our personalities, while others claim that the margin of error is just too wide for these coincidental patterns to bear any meaning....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)