Air transport has greatly evolved. Great scientists played a major role in setting the pace towards realization of today’s work in aviation. Leonardo Davinci was the founding father of aviation. He shall be remembered for being the first person to think and put on paper over 100 drawings of bird and mechanical flight in 1480’s showing wings and tails of birds. The “ornithopter” was one of his drawings of an air bone engine from which the present day helicopter was invented. From his works aviation pioneers picked up the pace and in 1783 the hot air balloon was discovered by Montgolfier brothers. Its first passengers were a sheep a duck and rooster that were carried over a mile on an elevation of 6000 feet. After this success the passengers became men.
Between 1799 and 1850 Sir George Cayley, the father of aerodynamics, analyzed the forces of lift and drag and came up with the concept of air screws, steering rudders to construct gliders. He tested this with a boy piloting it whose name is not known (phillip1999).George made improvements on his models and suggested that a fixed wing aircraft with a tail and a power system to propel it was the only thing needed to fly man. In...
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... in, 1920.More developments emerged such as the radio communication system, and the control towers. The government became deeply involved in funding researches and establishing regulating bodies to manage airlines such as the Civil Aeronautics Administration in I938.The aviation oversight program in the United States was later realized through these developments to spearhead developments in the aviation field.
Phillips, E. (1999). Mystery Ship: A History of the Travel Air Type R Monoplanes (Historic Aircraft Series) Auckland: Flying Books International
Crouch, T. (2009). Lighter Than Air An Illustrated History of Balloons and Airships.Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press
Schamel, J. (2003), FAA history: The early years, Retrieved from ... [ hf.tc.faa.gov ]
Lyth, P.(1996) .Air Transport (Studies in Transport History) .Eng: Scholar Press
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