Essay about Birth Defects And The Newborn Population : Race And Ethnicity

Essay about Birth Defects And The Newborn Population : Race And Ethnicity

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Even though, births are considered a natural function of the human body. Data suggest that only a small percentage of human embryos in the cleavage stage would successfully implant into the uterus. Of those embryos, only less than half would survive (Gilbert-2013). Several studies estimate that about 3% of babies that come to term suffer from a birth defect. Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth, meaning they change the shape or function of one or more body parts. Researchers have identified thousands of different birth defects and are considered to be the leading cause of infant’s death in the U.S. (Cunha-2014). Although, some genetically and environmentally causes of birth defects are well known. It is important to learn about many other aspects that may help researchers to learn more about the issue.
The purpose of the article “Birth Defects in the Newborn Population: Race and Ethnicity” is to analyze racial differences in the prevalence of birth defects. The methods used in this article were data collection, classification and statistical analysis. The results show a lower risk of birth defects among African American and Hispanics, compared to Caucasian and Asian. The author of the article explained in detail some of the birth defects related to each race. Some examples of the most common birth defects were cardiac, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal malformations. Although these malformations have not been discussed in class some of the systems like the musculoskeletal system has been discussed (Egbe).
Many researchers have stated the challenges in identifying the causes of birth defects are several. The importance of identifying the cause is the first step towards prevention ...


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...rth defects-a systematic review” analyzed computerized literature and Medline databases to find the risk of birth defects associated with assisted reproductive technology such as Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). In ICSI fertilization takes place in a dish where many sperm are placed near an egg so it can fertilized. Instead of in IVF were a specialist selects a single sperm to be injected directly into an egg. Results suggested children born from assisted reproductive methods have an increased risk of birth defects compared to natural conceptions (Bower-2014).
All of the articles mentioned above are an important part when trying to understand birth defects. Learning about the types of birth defects is as important as the causes, how to prevent it, and how assisted reproductive methods increased the risk of birth defects.

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