Essay about Birth Control: Past and Present

Essay about Birth Control: Past and Present

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According to the CDC almost all women have used some form of contraception “98% in 1995 and 2002, and 99% in 2006–2008” (Mosher, William D., and Jo Jones. Use of Contraception in the United States: p. 13). This is an extremely large percent of the female population, according to the CDC in “In 2006–2008… 82% of women had used the oral contraceptive pill” (Mosher, William D., and Jo Jones. Use of Contraception in the United States: p. 13). However, up until recently I like many other women knew little about the pill and other contraceptive options. I did not realize that estrogen plays a relatively small role in oral contraceptives and that progestin is the major player when it comes to birth control. Even though I have learned about what follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) does in anatomy I have never made the connection that the synthetic estrogen in birth control pills will suppress FSH which will prevent follicles from developing and the uterine lining from thickening. Next, constant low levels of progestin provided by the birth control pills prevent a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH). Normally, the massive LH surge is what triggers ovulation. The constant levels of progestin keep the thin uterine lining thin, which makes implantation of an embryo difficult. The placebo pills that are taken do not have progestin or estrogen and allow for the uterine lining to be released which is similar to menstruation.
However, there has been a lot of talk regarding extended cycle pills and some of the ill effects of taking them. I personally have heard people say that taking these extended cycle pills could affect a women’s ability to get pregnant in the future. However, as stated in the lectures and the consumer reports article ev...


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...orks Cited
"Adwatch Seasonique." Consumer Reports. Consumer Reports, 2008. Web. 26 May 2014.
Hirsh, Jamie K. "Should You Consider a Period-reducing Birth-control Pill? – Consumer Reports News." Consumer Reports. 25 Sept. 2008. Web. 24 May 2014.
"How the Pill Works." PBS. PBS. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Image Lysol Add." The Forgotten History Blog. Web. 26 May 2014.
Mosher, William D., and Jo Jones. Use of Contraception in the United States: 1982-2008. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 2010. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010. Web. 26 May 2014.
PBS. "Timeline: The Pill." PBS. PBS, 2002. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Unintended Pregnancy Prevention." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 26 May 2014.

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