Bipolar I : Diagnostic Criteria / Features Essay examples

Bipolar I : Diagnostic Criteria / Features Essay examples

Length: 1504 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Bipolar I
Diagnostic criteria/features
For a diagnosis of bipolar I disorder, individuals must meet the criteria for a manic episode.
Manic Episode
First, individuals must present a period of abnormally and persistently elevated, mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity lasting at least one week and present most of the day (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Second, during the period of mood disturbance and increased activity, at least three symptoms must be present and represent a noticeable change from usual behavior. Third, the mood disturbance is severe that it causes impairment in social or occupational functioning or requires hospitalization to prevent harm to self or others (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Lastly, the episode is not caused by substance use or another medical condition. The significant feature of a manic episode is a distinct period during which there is an abnormally, that is persistently elevated and persistently increased activity or energy is present nearly every day (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

The twelve-month prevalence estimate in the US is 0.6 percent (American Psychiatric Association, 201 ). The lifetime male-to-female prevalence ratio is about 1.1:1 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The twelve-month prevalence of bipolar I disorder across eleven countries ranges from 0.0 percent to 0.6 percent (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Development Course
The average age at onset of the first episode is age eighteen (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In children, special considerations are necessary to detect the diagnosis due to a difference in age and developmental stages. More than 90 percent of individuals who have a singl...

... middle of paper ...

...other related psychotic disorders, panic disorder or other anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, ADHD, personality disorders, other bipolar disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Functional Consequences
At least 15 percent of individuals have some type of inter-episode dysfunction and about 20 percent transition into another mood episode without inter-episode recovery (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals have a hard time in functional recovery. Similar to bipolar I, functional recovery is slow, especially in occupational recovery, which results in low socioeconomic status (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals with bipolar II disorder perform more poorly than healthy individuals on cognitive tests and have similar cognitive impairment to individuals with bipolar I disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Diagnostic Criteria Of Schizophrenia Essay

- Schizophrenia The diagnostic criteria of schizophrenia require individuals to meet six criterions. First present for one month, individuals must present two or more symptoms including delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior, and lastly negative symptoms (). The second requirement includes that at the time since the onset of the disturbance such as work and self-care, the disturbance is lower than achieved ().The third requirement includes that the disturbance must persist for at least six months....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Bipolar Disorder ( Disorder )

- a) Bipolar Disorder i) Bipolar I Disorder (1) DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria (a) Experience at least 1 Manic Episode (b) Not better accounted for by a delusional disorder, or other specified/unspecified schizophrenia spectrum or other psychotic disorders (c) Rapid cycling (i) Frequently switch from depression to mania (ii) Little or no period of euthymic (i.e., normal) mood (iii) 4 cycles or more per year (d) Manic episode (i) Criterion A 1. Abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood 2. Increased goal directed activity/energy 3. Lasting at least 1 week 4. Present for most of day and almost daily (ii) Criterion B 1. During Criterion A, ≥ 3 of the following symptoms...   [tags: Bipolar disorder, Mania]

Better Essays
908 words (2.6 pages)

Symptoms That Meet Criteria For Major Depressive Disorder Essay

- Case #4: T. F., A 28-year-old Government Employee Diagnosis 296.33 (F33.2) Major Depressive Disorder, recurrent, severe with melancholic features A 28-year-old male government employee referred to as T. F. is displaying signs and describing symptoms that meet criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) in the depressive disorders diagnostic class of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). Therefore, a diagnosis of MDD is presently appropriate....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
2154 words (6.2 pages)

Essay on Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder

- Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder (COBPD) is one of the most debilitating mental disorders affecting children today. Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder usually affecting adults that causes sometimes severe changes in mood. Childhood Onset Bipolar disorder is just what it sounds like, a bipolar disorder that occurs during childhood. Persons suffering from a bipolar disorder experience mood swings ranging from depression to mania. During a depressive episode patients can experience feelings of extreme hopelessness or sadness, inability to concentrate and trouble sleeping....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2390 words (6.8 pages)

Patient With Bipolar I With a Comorbidity of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

- The patient Thabo in the case study may be diagnosed with having bipolar I with a comorbidity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The following essay aims to discuss how the patient was diagnosed and the reasons for this diagnosis. This will be done by discussing how Thabo’s behaviours may be classified as abnormal and by listing the symptoms of abnormality. This would then lead to the differential diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder and substance abuse disorder, which will then facilitate the discussion of why Thabo is diagnosed with bipolar I with comorbidity OCD....   [tags: medical case study]

Better Essays
2357 words (6.7 pages)

The Diagnostic Criteria For An Adjustment Disorder Essay

- To meet the diagnostic criteria for an adjustment disorder, an individual must show emotional or behavioural symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor that occur within three months after the onset of the stressor. These symptoms must be out of proportion to the severity or intensity of the stressor and must significantly impair the individual’s social or occupational functioning (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Alex Forrest’s behaviour following the breakup with Mr. Gallagher are certain out of proportion considering it was an affair that only lasted over the course of a weekend....   [tags: Borderline personality disorder, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Vaslav Nijinsky : A Famous Russian Ballet Dancer Born

- Vaslav Nijinsky was a famous Russian ballet dancer born around 1889, and died in 1950 whose career ended because of his recurrent psychological problems. Nijinsky started early on his career and sustained homosexual relationships to his benefit in various occasions, but later married Romola in a to South America, with whom he had two children, Kyra and Tamara (Acoella 1999; Fearne, 2009). The onset of Nijinsky’s illness is not clear, and may have been a contribution of specific environmental factors, his need to perform for an audience (Järvinen, 2014), and genetic factors, his brother was institutionalized (Acoella, 1999), although it would be risky to assume the latter....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Psychosis]

Better Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia Essay

- 1. Please give a full diagnosis. In a few paragraphs, justify your diagnosis. 295.90 (F20.9) Schizophrenia, First episode; currently in acute episode and V60.89 (Z59.2) Discord with Neighbor, Lodger, or Landlord. Using the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity checklist: hallucinations and delusions are present and severe, meaning that the client exhibits severe pressure to respond to the voices, to act upon beliefs, and is very bothered by what she is hearing and believing; and negative symptoms and mania are both present and moderate due to the client’s lack of initiative with life activities and frequent periods of extensively elevated and expansive moods....   [tags: Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Symptoms Of The Depressive Disorder

- Mood Disorders Case 1: Depression 1. What are the salient historical features of the case. The only noticeable historical feature of the case is the patient’s depressed mood. The patient’s chronic history of depression is associated to the diagnosis of recurrent major depressive disorder. However, the severity of the depressive episode cannot be determined due to the limited information provided by the patient. The patient fails to specify distinctive symptoms that are essential for the classification of the severity of the depressive episode....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Bipolar disorder]

Better Essays
710 words (2 pages)

Silver Linings Playbooks by David O. Russell Essay

- Synopsis Silver Linings Playbooks tells the story of Pat Solitano Jr. (played by Bradley Cooper), a high school teacher diagnosed with bipolar disorder who is trying to get his life back together. The movie opens as Pat is released from a psychiatric hospital after eight months of treatment and moves back in with his parents. He is determined to get back together with his wife, Nikki, despite all the signs that say she does not want to be with him - such as the restraining order she filed against him....   [tags: bipolar disorder, pat solitano, brain]

Better Essays
2568 words (7.3 pages)