In conditions of lack of natural enemies, also as exponential scientific, technical and technological growth, some problems occurred that human kind wasn’t face earlier. With some actions that are taken, humans have succeeded to affect the ecosystem, unfortunately this effect was basically negative, and is manifested trough the climate changes or a nonrenewable resource waste.
All the needs of contemporary society, such as food, fuel, energy and materials, mostly depends on energy sources produced from nonrenewable resources that originates from fossil fuels, while the same time a total quantity of waste, that jeopardizes an ecosystem, increases (Sudesh & Iwata, 2008). Synthetic polymers are recognized as the most serious polluters in the category of a solid waste, whereas the large number of this kind of materials is resistant to physical and chemical degradation (Leja & Lewandowicz, 2010).
Due to good barrier performances, polymer materials have an intensive application in a packaging material production. It is assumed that packaging materials produced from polymer materials make more than 50 % of total packaging units (Jovanović & Džunuzović, 2011). According to that statistic, also as the earlier mentioned link between synthetic polymers and solid waste that represents an environmental threat, it becomes clear there is a need for alternative solutions in regards to packaging materials production. Therefore, degradation resistant synthetic polymers have focus a public attention towards the development of biodegradable polymers (Ashwin Kumar et al., 2011).
Biopolymer materials represent an alternative for conventional packaging materials, whereas the basic idea of their production is the savings of nonrenewable r...
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7. Jovanović, S., Džunuzović, J. (2011). Pravci razvoja ambalaže od polimernih materijala, Hem. Ind. 65 (6): 621-635.
8. Lazić, V., Novaković, D. (2010). Ambalaža i životna sredina, Tehnološki fakultet, Novi Sad
9. Leja, K., Lewandowicz, G. (2010). Polymer Biodegradation and Biodegradable Polymers – a Review, Polish. J.of Environ. Stud. 19(2): 255-266.
10. Plackett, D. (2011). Introductory Overview. In: Plackett, D., editor. Biopolymers – New Materials for Sustainable Films and Coatings. 1st edition. Chichester, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons: 3-15.
11. Sudesh, K., Doi., Y. (2005). Polyhydroxyalkanoates. In: Bastioli, C., editor. Handbook of biodegradable Polymers. 1st edition. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Rapra Technology Limited: 219-257.
12. Sudesh, K., Iwata, T. (2008). Sustainability of Biobased and Biodegradable Plastics, Clean Journal 36(5-6): 433-442.
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