As well as the Biological and Positivist school, criminal families are another component under the biological theory. Criminal families were first studied by Richard Dugdale. He used the family tree to analyze a family. People who have low moral standards are produced by bad genetic material. One or both of their parents could have had serious mental problems. Individuals with low mental capabilities are usually the ones who commit crimes. Another classification is somatotyping which is how individuals are group...
... middle of paper ...
...al. It is also known as balanced and restorative justice. Restorative Justices views crime as a serious offense. It causes harm to the community, and relationships. The government’s job is to make sure that everyone is safe. The two important elements are accountability and community safety. Families want to live in an environment that is safe for them and their children. Accountability is making showing justice is served to both the victim and the perpetrator. The victims should be reimbursed for stolen items, and medical expenses. Through crime prevention, the government tries to reduce the crime rate. Offenders are told to take action for their crime and to say they are guilty. The responsibility of the government is to maintain order and make sure that justice is served. Restorative justice wants the community to be peaceful so that the crime rates are low.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- If we studied through the history of criminal theory, spiritual and natural theories are taken as major theories of causation of crime. During medieval period, spiritual explanations were taken as punishment given by god for doing wrong things and any natural disasters like flood, fires, etc were evaluated as curse of high power. In modern period, the basic theories of causation of crime are classical theory, biological theory, psychological theory, cultural theory and conflict theory.... [tags: Crime ]
1238 words (3.5 pages)
- Did you know that in 2014, shoplifting and worker’s theft cost the retail industry a loss of thirty-two billion dollars (Wahba, 2015). According Wahba “a common misperception about shoplifting is that retailers can ‘afford’ the loss of a candy bar or a pair of jeans” (2015). This type of reasoning certainly does make more sense when explained through the context of a criminological theory. For example according to the Rational Choice theory individuals weigh the costs and benefits associated with a criminal and or deviant act and then make a conscious choice.... [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Crime, Theory]
979 words (2.8 pages)
- Through maintaining the same processes, psychologists use to explain every phenomena, forensic psychologists, similarly, attempt to explain crime through Biological, Social, and Psychological theories. As a result, forensic psychologists have debated each construct and questioned the relevance, validity, generalisability and applicability these findings have in the real world (Alder 2004). Ultimately, both the biological and physiological explanations of crime are a classic example of the nature nurture debate (Harrower, 1998), and thus their theories of crime causation will be critically evaluated throughout this essay.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Crime prevention]
1650 words (4.7 pages)
- To begin with, there are several theories and perspectives that can explain the causation of crime. Each perspective has its own opinion about why people commit crimes. It analyzes three different perspectives which are social, biological and classical. Let’s take a look at all three and determine which perspective would be best fitted with the two types of sentencing models which are called determinate and indeterminate. First, the indeterminate model is “a prison sentence that consists of a range of years” ("Indeterminate Sentence | Nolo 's Free Dictionary of Law Terms and Legal Definitions," n.d.).... [tags: Crime, Gang, Sentence, Criminal law]
1041 words (3 pages)
- Our modern society fosters many reasons for which people commit crimes. Psychological differences, personality disorders or even a predisposition to crime and violence can cause someone to commit a crime. No matter what the reasoning behind someone choosing to commit a crime, there is no one single cause. However, there are several theories about human behavior that can help us understand why certain people are drawn to committing crimes, and others are not. Classical Theory, which dominated common criminological thought in the time between the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, summarized the advance in criminalogical studies as a vast improvement from the superstitious and... [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Crime, Crime prevention]
1359 words (3.9 pages)
- 1. Though both approaches seek to explain the same set of behaviors, individual-level and social explanations of delinquency view the causation of criminal acts and status offenses from different viewpoints. Individual-level—or micro-level—explanations of delinquency focus on personal traits, whether genetic, biological, biochemical or psychological, that predispose certain people to engage in crime. Studying these traits, including intelligence, self-control and good nutrition, can be used to help eliminate delinquent behavior or help identify those who are prone to it (Class Notes 2/11/16).... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology]
732 words (2.1 pages)
- Criminology is the complex study of why crime happens, when it happens, by whom and who is the victim. Criminology encompasses multiple fields and they all work together to help us understand the world that we live in. Through criminology, we hold out hope that in the end good will prevail. We have come far from the days of Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham, Richard Dugdale, and many others. When looking at the progression of criminology, we can see that without those pioneers in the beginning, we would not be where we are today.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Criminal justice]
1445 words (4.1 pages)
- Criminologists have studied the cause of crime for many years and have created multiple theories as to why an individual may become a criminal. In regards to criminologists’ views, “Some who have a psychological orientation view crime as a function of personality, development, social learning, or cognition. Others investigate the biological correlates of antisocial behavior and study the biochemical, genetic, and neurological linkages to crime. Those with sociological orientation look at the social forces producing criminal behavior, including neighborhood conditions, poverty, socialization, and group interaction” (Siegel, 2014, p.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Economics]
1553 words (4.4 pages)
- Arousal Theory of Causation Introduction The research done for this paper was conducted to explain the arousal theory and its relation to crime. The first section of research is to explain the arousal theory and the assumptions that can be concluded from the theory, as well as, explain the positivistic school of criminological thought. The second section is to tell observational support of the positivist school and describe studies done on delinquents to explain and support the arousal theory. The third section discusses the theory, how it explains all crime, and the specific crimes it most pertains to be about.... [tags: positivistic school of criminological thought]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- The purpose of this assignment is to examine the biological and psychological explanations of crime. It will primarily focus on Cesare Lombroso’s theory in that he believed that criminals could be determined and identified by their physical appearance and attributes. It will cover Bowlby’s theory of maternal deprivation and how childhood violence and trauma can affect a person’s behaviour and personality. It will further explain the strengths and weaknesses and how criminals are perceived in contemporary Britain today.... [tags: criminology, criminal justice]
2099 words (6 pages)
- Colonist 's Relationship With England
- Personal Interview : Stephanie Chappell Disbrow : Avoid These Common Interview Mistakes
- How Marketers Use Consumers ' Failures At Achieving Goals
- Standardized Testing : How It 's Affecting American Education
- Same Sex Marriage Should Not Be Ostracized
- Making A Transition From High School