Over the last few decades, advancements in health technology and increased research into mental illness has led to significant gains in knowledge about the potential causes of disorders such as schizophrenia (Schomerus et al., 2012). In Canada, the biological explanatory model has become the most widely-accepted viewpoint in regards to serious and persistent mental illness (Davis, 2014). This model views schizophrenia and other serious mental disorders as being "brain diseases" with neurobiological origins that are manageable with pharmacological treatment (Davis, 2014). This explanatory model is not without its benefits: the use of this model has been shown to increase help-seeking behaviour as indivi...
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...covery model are a step in the right direction, viewing psychotic symptoms in a bio-psycho-social context and collaborating with clients on treatment goals rather than emphasizing the elimination of symptoms as the main objective (Davis, 2014). In order to help clients achieve the best outcomes possible, it is necessary to integrate the client 's lived experiences and personal expertise with our skills and knowledge to provide holistic care. It is part of a psychiatric nurse 's responsibility to work towards decreasing stigma and advocating on behalf of clients to minimize the discrimination they often face. It is clear that the continued emphasis on the biological model when attempting to educate the public on mental illness needs to be replaced with a more comprehensive model that highlights our shared humanity rather than accentuating an "us vs. them" mentality.
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