Abnormality is to stray from what is normal and usual. Physicians used prevailing model in identifying diseases which is biomedical model. Biological model is the abnormal behaviour which is caused by physical problems, these diseases can affect nervous system abnormalities should be treated medically. The models of abnormality are the behaviour we learn from our surroundings, emotional process is the is the modification of memory structures that underlie emotions, thinking processes is the process where by you use your mind to decide something carefully and biological processes are processes that are important for a living organism. This essay will look at Genetics, Infection and Biochemistry.
The biological approach seeks to explain mental processes and behaviours by focusing on the role of the nervous system at the cellular and structural level. The key features of biological approach are mental abnormality this abnormality has physiological causes. The abnormalities may be caused by chemical that fails to function in the brain or by genetic disorders for example too much dopamine in the brain is linked with schizophrenia. The biological approach suggests that anorexia nervosa is caused by asymmetry arising from the brain these are the imbalance of neurotransmitters and hypothalamus dysfunction. People who suffer from Anorexia nervosa have the intense fear of becoming overweight despite being underweight, they have distorted thinking about body image and weight, their body weight is 85% of expected weight. The genes we inherit from our parents, a slight abnormality in the genes can result in abnormalities in human’s brain functioning with the consequence that their behaviour becomes abnormal. Diathesis-Stress model is ...
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...tigma of mental illness
Gustafson (1992) found that maladaptive thinking processes were displayed by people with sexual disorders, depression and anxiety. The criticism is that the model does not attempt to examine the origins of irrational thinking nor does it address the origins. The positive side is the cognitive model concentrates on current thought processes unlike the psychodynamic approach it does not depend on the past of the client. The negative side is the model could be seen to suggest that mental health disorders are the individual sufferers fault.
To conclude abnormality is the result of physical problems, it is characterised that it is an undesirable state that causes severe impairment in the social functioning of individual, and often causes the individual great anguish depending on how much insight they have into their illness.
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