He was the son of an intellectual councilor in Parliament, named Joachim Descartes. His mother, Jeanne Brochard, died when he was only 1 years old. Rene Descartes was 8 years old when he attended the Jesuit College of Henry VI in La Fleche. Rene studied science, grammar, mathematics and literature which led him to become a famous Mathematician. He later left La Fleche in 1614 to study civil and cannon law at Poitiers.
In 1616, Rene Descartes received his Bachelor's Degree and licensed degree in Law. In 1618, Descartes spent some time in the military where he was placed in a defense force of Maurice of Nassau, Dutch Republic. In 1622, Descartes came back to France. It was during this stay in Paris where he wrote his first essay called “Regulae ad Directionem Ingenii” also known as Rules For The Direction Of The Mind.
In 1628, Rene moved to the Dutch Republic where he lived for over 20 years. During this time period, he learned more about mathematics, utilizing his spare time. Rene Descartes published many works on philosophy and mathematics at this time. He also came in contact with the school of Dordrecht's principal, Isaac Beeckman. However, in 1630, the two parted ways as Rene Descartes charged Beeckham with plagiarizing his original ideas. Descartes decided not to publish his work “Treatise On The World” because he had heard of the censorship of Galileo's writings in 1633 by the Catholic Church. However, he made some of his writings in his essays named “La Geometrie, Les Meteores and La Dioptrique”.
In 1641, Descartes presented his work such as “Med...
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...with this in his books “The Description Of Human Body” and “Passions Of The Souls”, where he says that the human body operates like a machine because it has material properties. The King of France rewarded Descartes a pension in 1647. After the reward, his books was banned by the pope in 1663.
Rene had a daughter named Francine from his relationship with Helena Jans van Der Strom, who was a servant. Sadly, Francine died in 1640 due to scarlet fever. Descartes also died February 11th , 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden due to pneumonia. He was serving as a tutor for queen of Sweden. He was laid to rest at the Abbey of Saint-German-des-Pres,Paris. A memorial of Rene Descartes was built in the Swedish church in the eighteenth century. Rene left a good legacy about using ideas such as geometry and the creation of x,y, and z as representations of equations.
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