Biographt and Accomplishments of Harriet Tubman Essay

Biographt and Accomplishments of Harriet Tubman Essay

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In the early 1820s, Harriet Tubman was born into slavery as Araminta Harriet Ross. Born in a slave cabin on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, Tubman was the child of Harriet Green and Benjamin Ross. Her parents were slaves on the timber plantation of Edward Brodas in Dorchester County. Tubman’s grandmother, Modesty, was taken as a child from the Ashanti region on the West Coast of Africa. During the eighteenth century, more than one million slaves were brought from the Ashanti Empire to the Americas, especially Maryland.
Throughout childhood, Tubman experienced a system of slavery in which she was isolated from the rest of her family. Many of the jobs she was forced to endure were done independently. Initially, Tubman worked as a nursemaid, taking care of the younger children. If Tubman’s owner was not satisfied with her care of the children, she was harshly whipped. Later on, she was hired out to a hunter and trapper, where she was forced to check muskrat traps. She also worked for a weaver, breaking flax. As she grew older, her owner often hired her out to other masters on corn and tobacco farms and in nearby oak and pine forests.
The main causes for Tubman’s fight were rooted in the harsh conditions in which she was raised and the hardships that defined her childhood. Tubman was constantly subjected to whipping when she did not perform to her owner’s standards. She was once whipped as a child because, according to her owner, she did not dust well enough. When refused to assist in the punishment of another slave, Tubman was hit with a heavy iron weight, crushing her skull and leaving a scar. The weight was thrown at a slave suspected of trying to run away, but the weight missed the slave and struck Tubman instead. She suffered fro...


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...orks Cited

Allen, Thomas B., and Carla Bauer. Harriet Tubman, Secret Agent: How Daring Slaves and
Free Blacks Spied for the Union during the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2006. Print.

Bradford, Sarah H. Harriet, the Moses of Her People. New York: For the Author by G.R.
Lockwood & Son, 1886. Print.

"Harriet Tubman: Civil War Spy." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Lutz, Norma Jean. Harriet Tubman: Leader of the Underground Railroad. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House, 2001. Print.

Malaspina, Ann. Harriet Tubman. New York: Chelsea House, 2009. Print.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. .

"The Underground Railroad: Escape From Slavery Student Activity | Scholastic.com." The
Underground Railroad: Escape From Slavery Student Activity | Scholastic.com. N.p.,
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