Bioethical Models that Deal with Maternal-Fetal Issues

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There are several bioethical models that deal with maternal-fetal issues and most involve frameworks that treat the mother and the fetus as two separate individuals. Many of the models seem to suggest that both the pregnant patient and the unborn fetus have rights. A recent framework addresses the instances that a pregnant woman refuses surgery or treatment that would benefit the life of a fetus (Deshpande & Oxford, 2012). While this model finds that the woman and fetus are indeed two different individuals, it ultimately concludes that it is the physician’s primary duty is to that of the pregnant woman (Deshpande & Oxford, 2012). While more conservatives consider a fetus to be a human being from conception, other more liberal views find that the fetus possess no moral status. Those who believe the fetus does possess moral status and they argue that if Jane does not consent to the C-section she is ultimately committing murder. However, it has been noted that in cases such as Jane’s, the refusal of surgery to save a fetus have been largely unsuccessful in prosecuting the mother (Farber-Post, 1996). It is suggested that the limited number of prosecutions in cases like this is due to the “born alive” rule. The rule states that unless there has been a live birth in which a baby lives an independent life, there can be no homicide charges (Faber-Post, 1996). While more conservatives consider a fetus to be a human being from conception, other more liberal views find that the fetus possess no moral status. Regardless if a medical professional find the woman to be one patient or views the case as having two patients because the woman is carrying a fetus, medical professionals must adhere to the ethical codes they took an oath to f... ... middle of paper ... ...choice delivery the baby naturally. Works Cited REFERNCES American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2005). Maternal Decision Making, Ethics, and the Law. Committee on Ethics, 321, 2-11. American Medical Association. (2001). Code of Medical Ethics. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(13), 1681. Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2013). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Deshpande, N.A., & Oxford, C.M. (2012). Management of Pregnant Patients Who Refuse Medically Indicated Cesarean Delivery. Review in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5(3/4), 144-150. Farber-Post, L. (1996). Bioethical Consideration of Maternal-Fetal Issues. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 24(4), 757-776. Veatch, R. M., Haddad, A. M., & English, D. C. (2010). Case Studies in Biomedical Ethics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

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