Essay about Biodiesel Production Using Supercritical Methanol

Essay about Biodiesel Production Using Supercritical Methanol

Length: 1210 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

A major part of all the energy produced worldwide comes from fossil fuel sources. These sources are limited and are depleting at a fast pace. The depletion of these fossil sources has led to the search of alternative fuels from renewable sources like plant biomass. Vegetable oil is one such renewable source. Vegetable oil has gained much attention in recent years since it has many environmental benefits and it can be obtained from renewable sources. The energy from vegetable oil can be tapped by converting it to biodiesel. In the recent years, such bio renewable fuels have been in the spot light due to the many benefits. For example, biodiesel can be effectively used to replace petroleum based diesel, without significant changes to the engines and combustion systems.
Considering the near future energy demands, there is huge potential for alternative energy sources like biodiesel. According to the International Energy Outlook 2013, petroleum based liquid fuels will be the world’s dominant fuel sources at least until 2040. The liquid consumption is projected to increase to about 115 million barrels per day in 2040. The oil prices are projected to rise from a current 105 USD per barrel to a soaring 163 USD per barrel in 2040, which is about 36% increase in a period of just 26 years (IEO, 2013). Though biodiesel will replace a small fraction of the petro-diesel demand, the petroleum market being be sensitive to even small fluctuations in supply (West et al.,2006), this additional availability of fuel will have a significant impact on the prices of petroleum based diesel.
Another important aspect which motivates the use and production of biodiesel is the reduction in green house gases. Combustion of conventional diesel produces NOx,...


... middle of paper ...


...newable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, September 2004, 248–268
Nishikawa K., Morita T., 1998, “Fluid behavior at supercritical states”, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Volume 13, Issues 1–3, June 1998, 143–148
Rasul M., Jahirul M., Chowdhury A., Ashwath N., “Biofuels Production through Biomass Pyrolysis – A Technological Review”, Energies 5, November 2012, 4952-5001
Saka S., Kusdiana D., “Biodiesel Fuel from Rapeseed Oil as Prepared in Supercritical Methanol”, Fuel 80:225–231, 2001
Saka S., Kusdiana D., “Kinetics of Transesterification in Rapeseed Oil to Biodiesel Fuel as Treated in Supercritical Methanol” Fuel 80:693–698, 2001
Srivastava A., Prasad R., “Triglycerides- based Diesel Fuels”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2000, 4(2), 111-133
IEO 2013 (International Energy Outlook 2013), U.S. Department of Information Administration, July 2013.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Production of Methanol and Hydrogen Fuels from MSW Essay

- ... The flow chart in figure?. below is shown the process to produce methanol and hydrogen from the MSW. Figure??: Flowchart of Methanol and Hydrogen Production from MSW (Chen, 1995) The Fuel Production Process: Gasification Gasification process is used to convert MSW into valuable form of energy (methanol and liquid hydrogen ).This process are involved the reaction of carbonaceous feedstock with an oxygen-containing reagent, usually oxygen, air, steam or carbon dioxide at temperatures in excess of 800°C....   [tags: municipal solid waste]

Free Essays
576 words (1.6 pages)

Production Line Inspection Essay

- Any production line involves some form of inspection; the most basic form is manual visual inspection. This kind of inspection is not always the least expensive or the most reliable. For example, metal sheets are monitored visually by trained personnel, which require a very slow production line for reliable detection and to insure the inspector’s safety. Such systems are very costly due to the slower production speed; they are also labor intensive and labor dependent and need to be a separate stage to avoid production line interruptions....   [tags: Production]

Strong Essays
822 words (2.3 pages)

Methanol for Our Future Essay

- Methanol for Our Future This section is about methanol fuel cells for our future. Since I have done this research I have never realized how important future fuels are. Methanol is a liquid fuel made form natural gas or renewable biomass resources. Methanol is the leading candidate to provide the hydrogen necessary to power fuel cell vehicles. The commercialization of methanol-powered fuel cells will offer practical, affordable, long-range electric vehicles with zero or near zero emissions while retaining the convenience of a liquid fuel....   [tags: Free Essays]

Free Essays
421 words (1.2 pages)

The Production Possibility Frontier ( Ppf ) Essay

- THE PRODUCTION POSSIBILITY FRONTIER. The production possibility frontier (PPF) is a curve depicting all maximum output possibilities for two goods, given a set of inputs consisting of resources and other factors. When predicting the production possibility frontiers for Brazil and United States the following factors such as labor, capital and technology, among others, will affect the resources available, which will dictate where the production possibility frontier lies. The production possibility frontier is also known as the production possibility curve or the transformation curve would be as follows....   [tags: Economics, Production-possibility frontier]

Strong Essays
1019 words (2.9 pages)

Analysis of Production System Process Essay

- Industrial practices are designed to ensure that quality products are manufactured efficiently at a profit. They involve designers working together with clients and manufacturers, all of whom need to keep the needs of the consumer in mind. Roles in industrial practice The client The client identifies the need for a product through market research and uses this to provide a design brief for the designer. They set production deadlines and the price of the product. The client is usually a manufacturer or retailer....   [tags: industrial practice, manufacturer, production]

Strong Essays
822 words (2.3 pages)

Forecasting US Oil Production Essays

- 1. Introduction Oil production in US has been experiencing fluctuation for a long period and there is a need to identify whether there has been a trend in oil production for the period from 1980 to 2008. This analysis could be of interest to the energy administration commission and the government for the purpose of planning for the amount of crude oil that can be allowed for export as well as for the purpose of planning investment in infrastructure for other energy sources. (Bp, 2013) In addition, the study will be seeking to identify the effect on accuracy of using different periods in computing moving average....   [tags: oil production, petroleum]

Strong Essays
1757 words (5 pages)

Essay on Production Management System

- Production Management System refers to processing centralize environment, where in this system controls aspects in production. This generates with some information that provides inventory, with this system production management plans an effective production that monitors the production target by the economy. Production Management System gives many ways to a better performance of a company for the growth of economy and this is common especially in production. According to Karauolova T. (2011) “production mangers and engineers may be directly responsible for searching out ways to decrease the use of energy”....   [tags: labor, production, energy efficiency]

Strong Essays
1093 words (3.1 pages)

Organic Honey Production Essay

- "Organic is a label indicating that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods that integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity, where synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering may not be used" (National 2013). Thus Organic honey is the honey that is produced from completely organic sources; beginning from the plant that the bee needs to collect nectar or honey dew from, to the water that the bee gets and uses in the formation of honey, to the bee itself and finally to the bee keeper and his way in feeding his bees, trea...   [tags: Organic Honey Production]

Strong Essays
2388 words (6.8 pages)

Innovations in Crude Oil Production Essay

- Innovations in Crude Oil Production The first oil well was drilled in 1859 by Edwin Drake. It burned to the ground several months later, but had it survived it would only have yielded around 20 barrels of oil per day, hardly a drop in today’s market.(“Story”) At the time however, it was considered a success and it began a revolution in oil production. Crude oil production in the world skyrocketed from a few hundred barrels of oil per day to 76 million today. (“International”) Of course, in the long term, this is not sustainable....   [tags: Oil Production Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
2302 words (6.6 pages)

Pollution and Environment Essay - Modest Proposal for Methanol and Ethanol Power

- A Modest Proposal for Methanol and Ethanol Powered Cars        "We need more stringent regulations on car emissions... Let's add MTBE to the fuel- that will reduce pollution... If people would just stop driving so much, pollution wouldn't be so bad..." People have long recognized the problems with the gasoline we used now.  We have tried everything from putting regulations on emissions, to putting additives in the gasoline (only to discover later that MTBE got into the groundwater), to campaigns to get people off the road.  However, more and more cars are on the roads as the population increases, and people are not going to stop driving.  Additives are as likely to cause problems as they...   [tags: Environment Environmental Pollution Preservation]

Strong Essays
1411 words (4 pages)