There is a large potential of converting EFB into renewable energy resource that could replace the existing energy demand at the oil palm processing factory or other industries. Shredding, chipping and drying are pre-treatment steps that are required to improve the fuel property of EFB (Zafar, 2013). This process will significantly improve its handling properties and cut the transportation cost. Under such scenario, EFB along with kernel shells and mesocarp fibres are currently used to provide heat for mills that can be relieved for other usages off-site with higher economic profits for palm oil millers (Zafar, 2013). This method can replace the usage of fossil fuel for biomass boiler combustion and somehow plantation consortium may experience cost saving for this change.
Plentiful sources of oil palm based biomass provide a stimulus for the sustainable generation of bio-ethanol. Conversion of biomass into bioethanol, p...
... middle of paper ...
...CH. Retrieved from: http://www.intechopen.com/download/get/type/pdfs/id/44387
Lim, M. H. (2010). A case study on palm empty fruit bunch as energy feedstock. Retrieved from: http://www.onlinereview.segi.edu.my/pdf/vol3-no2-art1.pdf
National Association of Smallholders Malaysia. (2013). Empty fruit bunch or EFB. Retrieved from: http://pkpkm.org/index.php/en/tandan-kosong-eng
Poo, C. (2012, July 9). From waste to wares. The Star Online. Retrieved from: http://www.thestar.com.my/Lifestyle/Features/2012/07/09/From-waste-to-wares.aspx
Tree-free paper made from palm waste set to be positive step forward for palm oil industry. (2013, June 16). PRWeb. Retrieved from: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/6/prweb10834282.htm
Zafar, S. (2013). Energy potential of empty fruit bunches. Bioenergy Consult. Retrieved from: http://www.bioenergyconsult.com/tag/uses-of-empty-fruit-bunch/
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Bio-Fuels By: Cody Gregory Many have said that bio-fuels are the fuel of the future, and others say it is just going to harm the atmosphere even more than are normal fuels. Well today we will be looking at some positives and negatives about bio-fuels. Biofuels have been around as long as cars have. At the start of the 20th century, Henry Ford planned to fuel his Model T’s with ethanol, and early diesel engines were shown to run on peanut oil.... [tags: Renewable energy, Fossil fuel, Carbon dioxide]
1326 words (3.8 pages)
- Algae: Bio Fuel of the Future Bio Fuels are clearly the most suitable alternative energy of the future as oil and coal are both rapidly vanishing and increasingly out of interest for nations wishing to avoid terrorist nations. Recently, algae has been discovered as an extremely suitable bio fuel because of its surprisingly high ratio of yield to area required for growth. In 1960 Oswald and Golweke proposed the use of large‐scale ponds for cultivating algae on wastewater nutrients and anaerobically fermenting the biomass into methane fuel.... [tags: Biofuel Fuel Energy Power]
1224 words (3.5 pages)
- What is Bio-fuel. Bio-fuels are fuels derived from sustainable and renewable biological sources (ABC’s). These sources, commonly referred to as Biomass, usually consists of either food crops (corn, sugar cane, wheat, and potato’s), various biological oils (peanut, sunflower, algae, and soy oil), or biological waste (waste vegetable oil, wood-chips, corn leaves and stalks, and yard waste) (Biofuels)(Biomass). Bio-fuels are often touted as a viable carbon-neutral replacement for carbon based fossil fuels.... [tags: Energy ]
847 words (2.4 pages)
- Bio-diesel: Alternative Fuel Source Introduction Currently today more than 99% of all fuel consumed is petroleum (3). In the year 2025 the world’s reserves of petroleum will be a dry source (7). Other than the shortage of petroleum, the burning of petroleum also causes many problems such as global warming. In this case, engineers and scientists need to come up with an alternative energy source for gasoline not only because of the shortage, but because of the environmental problems gasoline and other fossil fuels cause for the environment.... [tags: Petroleum Environment Ecology Essays]
1949 words (5.6 pages)
- Should Australia convert from fossil fuel to bio-fuel. Intro- fossil fuels are fuels that formed from the organic matter over millions of years. It is an energy source that is categorised as a non-renewable source of energy because it takes a large amount of time and pressure to produce fossil fuels. Therefore, fossil fuels are limited, and as time goes by, we are going to run out of fossil fuels. Background- There are many types of fossil fuels, and the most common examples of fossil fuels are the coal, natural gas and petroleum.... [tags: Carbon dioxide, Fossil fuel, Natural gas]
1018 words (2.9 pages)
- Definition: According to Dr Andrew Zimmerman Jones, the Definition of energy is: Energy is the capacity of a physical system to perform work. Energy exists in several forms such as heat, kinetic or mechanical energy, light, potential energy, electrical, or other forms (1) A simpler definition is: Energy is the ability to do work and cause change (2) Renewable vs. non renewable: The definition of bio fuels: “Bio fuel is defined as solid, liquid or gaseous fuel obtained from relatively recently lifeless or living biological material and is different from fossil fuels, which are derived from long dead biological material.... [tags: environment, energy sources, fuel]
693 words (2 pages)
- The oil palm tree, scientifically known as Elaeis guineensis, is a member of the family Palmae and the subfamily Cocoideae, which also includes the coconut plant. The genus contains two main species, E. guineensis, which is known as the African oil palm, and E. melanococca, also known as the American oil palm. However, the latter is only valuable for hybridization. The male and female flower clusters occur on the same tree thus making it a monoecious plant. Though, the sexes are only differentiated approximately two years after plantation.... [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Palm kernel, Arecaceae]
1275 words (3.6 pages)
- Sustainability of Palm Oil Production in Indonesia Palm oil is the leading edible vegetable oil by production volume. It is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of a wide variety of products that are used globally every day, such as chocolate, soap, and cosmetics. It is also a common cooking oil in many countries, notably in Asia, and is used in other industries, including livestock and, increasingly, biofuels. Palm oil is produced from the fruit of oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis). Palm oil can be separated into a various distinct oils with different properties.... [tags: vegetable oil, palm oil, production, economic]
772 words (2.2 pages)
- Palm Oil Is Everywhere (Literally) As my picks and crampons were jammed into the majestic and frozen waterfall, I was immersed in the wildlife. I was on an ice climbing trip, which was situated near the picturesque Denali National Park. As I was sitting on the nearby rocks for a lunch break, I started to eat my apple. I am used to seeing a lot of outdoor-y people bring energy bars or trail mix, the most energizing and least junky snacks. As I looked over at my Japanese classmate treat, I surprise noticed that he had a Snickers bar.... [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Petroleum, Malaysia]
1502 words (4.3 pages)
- Introduction Palm oil is considered an essential ingredient for the production of foods and other products in which human use. Orangutan Project (2015) states that ‘palm oil is derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree’, and the ‘palm oil plantations are the main driver for deforestation in Indonesia’. The harvest of the palm trees for the production of palm oil affects the ecosystem as it can affect the environment. This investigation with highlight out the advantages of the palm fruit providing nutrients, it is essential for the productions of products, and this production being that palm oil can reduce poverty.... [tags: Palm oil, Oil palm, Orangutan, Overpopulation]
1201 words (3.4 pages)