Biases in Testing
From a psychometric perspective, bias is any factor found in a test which continually impedes the ability to measure in a precise or impartial way (Cohen, Swerdlik, & Sturman, 2013). Test bias can also be explained as a systematic error, in contrast to a random variation in score, and would demonstrate systematic variation in test scores (Cohen et al., 2013; Hinkle, 1994). In this case, the organization is using a cognitive ability test with well-established predictive validity to make employee selections, and members of on specific minority group have tended to receive low scores. Even with well documented validity there is a possibility of excluding certain minority groups. Many selection procedures with high validity still have lower pass rates for some minority groups, such as racial groups and women (Sackett, Borneman, & Connelly, 2008; Williams, Schaffer, & Ellis, 2013). Therefore, although it would be ideal to use selection procedures that are highly valid and also create appropriate div...
... middle of paper ...
...ven once a test has been developed, or used, there are ways to test for biases, not just in analyzing the test items and constructs, but also statistically. Testing for predictive bias may be especially useful when dealing with cognitive ability tests, since this is a well-researched area. Although test bias can occur, it should not be confused with concepts of fairness. The perception of fairness may give the impression of bias within a test, even when there is no actual bias present. Caution should be exercised when making claims of bias or fairness in testing, since although they are similar in some ways, they differ significantly in the capacity to be defined and measured. Inquiry into test items and the relevancy of constructs should be the primary methods to determine bias, and fairness should only be used in psychometric terms of being equitable and impartial.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Fairness to me is the quality of being free from bias and making judgements that are free from injustice and discrimination. I think fairness in a classroom is about treating every student fairly by not treating them in the same way. Usually when people hear the word “fairness”, they would automatically assume that it means everybody having an equal amount after dividing whatever it is or everyone being treated the same. But in reality, that doesn’t work at all because everyone is different in their own way.... [tags: Learning styles, Education]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Whether it is through a newspaper, television, magazines or talk radio, people will always communicate through some type of medium. Now, whether or not the mediums are tainted with bias is a question of beliefs. Some people argue that journalism today is rather fair and balanced, while others would vehemently oppose that view by saying that bias is definitely prevalent in news media and other mediums today. In some instances, there lies the belief that the fairness doctrine should be reestablished in order to mend the problem of bias; however, many would strenuously fight that by arguing that such an act would destroy the freedom of the press guaranteed under the first amendment.... [tags: Communication, Fairness Doctrine]
1348 words (3.9 pages)
- The powerful media barons have always altered broadcasts to achieve their personal or corporate agenda. What purpose does the media serve now. Measuring Bias on Television by Barrie Gunter has elaborated on the idea that news was originally set up to act as a national tool to stir thoughts. But is it. No. Is the media even enlightening the public now. After careful speculation of mass media and the communication world, I am under the impression that broadcasts have been used to entertain, frighten and cause controversy as a means to keep people watching.... [tags: Measuring Bias on Television]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- Upon researching Journalism, I was presented with two outstanding texts that I thought were very crucial towards laying the foundation for a framework that critiques Journalism followed by smaller other texts. The first source I chose was entitled, “Media Bias: How to Spot It-And How to Fight It.” The article was written by media Analyst and FAIR (Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting) member, Peter Hart. Hart asserts that there are three components of Journalism that “lack initiatives” when, “identifying examples of poor reporting, neglected context, and the reluctance to change status-quo notions and conventional wisdom.” I thought this was necessary for my paper and its reputability because... [tags: Mass media, Culture, Media bias, Bias]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- Supreme Court said that the nature of the decision being made and the process followed in making it is to be evaluated. The very closeness of the administrative decisions to the process of judiciary should indicate how much of those governing principles should be imported. The very nature of the statutory scheme and the terms of the statute are very important for making decisions. We have also to consider the effect to the individual or individuals affected. Courts said that the most important decision is to the lives of those affected and the greater its impact on the specific person, the harder are the procedural protections.... [tags: legislation, procedure, trial]
954 words (2.7 pages)
- Since the dawn of time for a society to work it needs to have a level of structure that applies to everyone and is understood by everyone. Australian legal system is broad and complex. It is the nature of the encompassing laws and regulations which reflect how people, organisations and governments behave on the many different levels of operation and these are created to make sure that everyone understands their rights and obligations. There are two sources of Law in Australia: Statute Law regulated by Parliament and comprise of legislations and acts; and Judge-made Law or Common Law where decisions made by judges are based on previous cases.... [tags: Fairness, Justice]
1301 words (3.7 pages)
- Past research has shown that Caucasian jurors may hold stereotypes of African American defendants as more violent and less intelligent than Caucasians (Shaked-Schroer, Costanzo & Marcus-Newhall 2008). Research indicates that Caucasian jurors are more likely to demonstrate racial bias in cases that portray racial trial issues (Sommers & Ellsworth 2001). However, some research suggests that clarifying instructions by means of simplification may stifle the effects of these stereotypes and appears to lead to greater fairness in sentencing decisions (Shaked-Schroer, Costanzo & Marcus-Newhall, 2008) The aim of the current study is to examine how the presence of negative publicity of African Americ... [tags: Jury, Verdict, Not proven, Scientific method]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- “Gender bender” is known as a person who bends the rules and standards of what is not expected from his or her gender. Gender roles are the biased ideas that society has placed on females and males. To break the bias standard that is placed on genders, I decided to bend the rules somewhat by asking a guy out on a date. I have personally never asked a guy out due to the conceived thought that the guy should always ask the girl. Before performing this task, I felt out of my realm,and a sense of desperation.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Woman, Transgender]
1446 words (4.1 pages)
- A Defense of Collective Responsibility Within the context of the obesity epidemic today, the finger of blame is most often cast in the direction of individual responsibility towards health maintenance. This reasoning, however, is ineffective, as it evokes shame upon those struggling with weight management, suggesting their weakness and/or poor self-control, and is a source of lax governmental intervention. When we consider the externalities at force which manipulate eating habit and choice, it’s found that general lack of food knowledge, corporate behavior, and biological mechanisms severely compromise the concept of free-will.... [tags: obesity, health dilemma, attitude]
1702 words (4.9 pages)
- The Effects of Gender Bias on Elementary School Children “It’s a girl!” or “It’s a boy!” is typically the first thing parents hear after the birth of a child. This simple statement of fact sets the groundwork for every interaction they will have with their daughter or son, and for every experience that child will have throughout her or his life. Gender identity—the private experience of being female or male—forms a core part of one’s sense of self (Welker). The nature of this private experience is enormously influenced by what we are taught it means to be a girl or a boy, and these lessons are typically fraught with instances of gender bias—what Beverly Stitt, author of Building Gender Fai... [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
2297 words (6.6 pages)
- The Circus The 2016 Elections Have Become- With The Temperament Of Donald Trump
- The Mother Tongue, By Bill Bryson
- The Life Of Harriet Jacobs And What She Went Through As A Child And As An Adult
- Social Inclusion And Government Initiatives And Funding
- The Effects Of Television On Children And Youth
- The Case Of Benevolent Lies