Historically one would presume that a “color-class hierarchy” existed with racial differentiations and divisions based on one’s phenotype such that the white local and expatriate held the most power while the African labor held a much lower status. This adamant hierarchy understanding was even displayed by the famous Calypsonian Lord Kitchener saying “If you’re white, you’re alright, if you’re brown, stick around, if you’re black step back” from his song ‘if you’re not white you’re considered black.’ ...
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...rspective hence the title of the book ‘Beyond Massa’.
Lastly, it is my belief that the book was a learning experience and a tremendous deal of information was grasped but it impeded application greatly in other courses even though it was associated with the objectives. The book additionally lacked enthusiasm and ability to keep interest of the reader which can possibly be improved by the use of convivial analogies. The price range of the book is relatively accessible and fair however obtaining the book posed and issue to many due to limited numbers available to the many students who required it. Beyond Massa was worth the money in the long run however, in short term cases, having to buy books for other courses posed minor problems but overall the course was an enjoyable one and did present new revisionist concepts and insights to the functioning of sugar society.
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