The Between Hesiod And Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave Essay

The Between Hesiod And Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave Essay

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Hesiod and Plato both attempt to provide readers with an insight to the world through answering life’s fundamental questions. In attempt to do so, in Works and Days, by Hesiod, and in The Allegory of the Cave, by Plato, the authors explore the origin of human misery. Although both authors explore the same fundamental life question: “What is the origin of human misery,” they use two different approaches to do so.
The difference between Hesiod’s and Plato’s approach to explaining the origin of human misery can be found through exploring the ideas of mythology and philosophy. Mythology and philosophy both explore the fundamental questions of life, but take a very different approach in order to convey an idea. Mythology can explain fundamental life questions through tapping into human emotions, while philosophy can explain fundamental life questions through using logic. In Hesiod’s Works and Days, mythology connects to human emotions in order to convey the origin of human misery. When explaining the origin of human misery, Hesiod tells the story of Pandora taking “off the great lid of the jar with her hands and scattered all these [miseries] and her thought causes sorrow and mischief to men” (Hesiod 9). To qualm the human race and punish them for seeking information, Olympus sent Pandora to release misery upon the world. In order to explain the origin of human misery, Hesiod uses a Greek mythological story to connect with the emotions of the reader. Through connecting with the emotions of the reader, Hesiod appeals to a societal group as a whole who all share the same background. Often, mythological stories appeal to those who find an emotional connection with the story. In other words, mythology connects to the societal group in w...


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...uth, and rather make decisions based off of persuasion. Although these problems exist, through using philosophy, Plato offers intellectual insight on how to gain truth. Because of the distinction between mythology and philosophy, mankind can use both when exploring fundamental life questions. An essential to fully understanding fundamental life questions is to know both how and why a situation occurs, which can be discovered through combining mythology and philosophy. After using both mythology and philosophy, in order to discover both how and why a situation occurs, humans are able to solve their problems through a rational solution provided through philosophy. Clearly, although mythology and philosophy differ greatly from one another, humans can combine them both to fully explore fundamental life questions through understanding both how and why a situation occurs.

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