Benjamin Franklin: A Brief Biography Essay

Benjamin Franklin: A Brief Biography Essay

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Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, was born January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. He held numerous jobs throughout his lifetime including author, printer, inventor, scientist, postmaster, political theorist, statesman, diplomat, and civic activist. As a scientist he made significant contributions to the history of physics and American innovation through his experiments and discoveries with electricity. He was given the title “The First American” because of his early work with the new colony. He also gave important credibility to the newly forming American nation through his work as an author, spokesman in London, and as the first American ambassador to France. Franklin defined his vision of what a true American should be, reconciling practical values such as hard work, saving, education, self-sufficient institutions and freedom from political and religious oppression, with the scientific and tolerance-based values of the intellectual movement (Southgate 2007).
Ben was born to Josiah Franklin and his second wife Abiah Folger, one of ten children that included an older brother James and younger sister Jane. After working during his early childhood for his father, he started an apprenticeship at the age of 12 to his brother James, a printer. After learning the trade, Ben moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania when he was 17 in search of a new start in a new city. He took several jobs in various printing shops, and while renting a room in the Read home met and proposed to 15 year old Deborah Read, resulting in a common law marriage on Sept. 1, 1730. They had two children together, and having recently discovered a young bastard son named William, Ben and Deborah took him in and raised him as well (Fr...


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...ench Academy and made a Foreign Associate. James Watt died in 1819 at age 83, and is considered one of the most important, powerful, and influential figures in human history (Marshall 1925).

References


Brands, H., W. The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin
(2000)

Carnegie, Andrew. (1905). James Watt. Doubleday, Page & Company. p. 241

Franklin, Benjamin (1771). Autobiography and other writings. Cambridge: Riverside.
p. 52.

Jacks, William. (1901). James Watt. James Maclehose and Sons. P. 220

Jones, R., V. Benjamin Franklin. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of
London. 1977. Vol. 31, No. 2, 201-225.

Marshall, T. H. (1925). James Watt (1736-1819). The Roadmaker series, 192 p.
port.

Southgate, Therese M., MD. Benjamin Franklin. JAMA. 2007. 298(1):14.
doi:10.1001/jama.298.1.14.

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