Our world has seen several inventions that have greatly impacted our way of life. Of those inventions renewable energy sources is what we believe has the biggest impact to our daily routines. Hydroelectric energy is one of the biggest energy producing plants used today. Its efficiency is 70- 95% making it one of the biggest suppliers in the world and of high interest to energy companies. Based on new statistics, an unprecedented boom in global hydropower dam construction is underway, primarily in developing countries and emerging economies (Water World, 2014). Hydroelectric plants are operated by trapping a water source by building a dam and having it readily available to the plant. To produce energy the dam opens small doors at the bottom the dam to release water at an extreme velocity this water passing through the trap doors turn a turbine which in turn produces energy.
Hydro energy has been around since around 300 B.C when Romans used it to transport water and eventually to grind flour and other grains as a water wheel rotated. Over the years that water wheel has developed itself into an electric producing source transforming the way we use our water source today. Although there are many advantages such as efficiency, energy, and control that Hydro energy has, it also comes with disadvantages as well.
Disadvantages that Hydro Power sources have are several that affect the environment. Since this type of energy source relies on water and needs it to be trapped to be readily available it greatly causes problems to the farmland around the area. Farmlands usually see loss of produce simply because water becomes scarce due to the dam that traps it. Hydroelectric power plants on the Cekerek River are threatening the existence o...
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...ake them friendlier to the environment.
Africa has an abundance of hydropower resources, but it lacks the development, with the vast majority of the population lacking access to reliable electricity supplies. Africa holds about 12% of the world 's hydropower potential, with a feasible output of about 1,800 TWh/year. Yet Africa produces only about 3% of the global hydropower and exploits less than 10% of its technical potential, the lowest proportion of any of the world 's regions (David Appleyard, 2014) Major interconnection projects in Africa are expected to be executed between 2014 and 2017, allowing power exchange within nine utilities and leading to the development of a “regional market.” (David Appleyard, 2014)
Hydroelectricity is a dependable technology that needs more research and time spent on it in order to produce the most efficient and ecofriendly power.
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