The practice of using genetics to produce more desirable food is older than the discovery of genetic material. The first humans who saved seeds from plants with the best characteristics in order to have more successful crops the next year practiced selective breeding. Selective breeding is the simple process of breeding the most favorable animals or plants in order to get desirable traits in the offspring. Choosing the best pigs, goats, or cattle to be parents is another form of selective breeding used by early humans. This process was used successfully in agriculture and animal husbandry before recorded history (Rhines). Centuries later, an Austrian monk and scientist named Gregor Mendel discovered how traits could be passed on from parents to offspring by crossbreeding pea plants. He believed that these traits were passed on as physical units, called genes. Through sever...
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Anthes, Emily. "Don’t Be Afraid of Genetic Modification." The New York Times. The New York Times, 9 Mar. 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
Bren, Linda. "Genetic Engineering: The Future Of Foods?." FDA Consumer 37.6 (2003): 28- 34. Health Source - Consumer Edition. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.
Gore, Albert. “Genetic Engineering: Defining the Issue.” Manipulating Life: Debating the Genetic Revolution. Ed. Gary E. McCuen. Hudson: G.E. McCuen Publications, 1985. Print.
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