The Benefits of Azopirillum Brasilense on Agricultural Growth Essay

The Benefits of Azopirillum Brasilense on Agricultural Growth Essay

Length: 899 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Azospirillum brasilense is a plant root-colonizing bacterium that exerts beneficial effects on the growth of agricultural crops (Lerner, Castro-Sowinski, Valverde, Lerner, Dror, Okon & Burdman, 2009). Azospirillum brasilense is routinely found in the plant rhizosphere of crop plants and agricultural lands as well as from grasses and cereals. It has a preference for plant roots instead of open soil. Polysaccharides of bacterium play an important role in its interactions with plant roots. It colonizes the surface of plant roots through attachment and anchoring. A. brasilense Sp7 carries several genes involved in synthesis and export of cell surface polysaccharides. Azospirillum fix the nitrogen in the soil and produces several vitamins and phytohormones to promote crop production. It has properties against the development of bacterial diseases or promoting disease resistance on rice crops (Lerner, Castro-Sowinski, Valverde, Lerner, Dror, Okon & Burdman, 2009).
The intense use of chemicals for the treatment of plant diseases leads to environmental and health risks. Biological control based on plant growth promoting bacteria is the most reasonable approach for the protection of crops against pathogens. Azospirillum brasilense fixes nitrogen in the soil and promotes the overall crop production. It promotes disease resistance on rice crops and the resistance against development of bacterial diseases. The development of chemical synthesis allows access to the required tetrasaccharide that natural sources are depended on (Mandal, Dhara & Misra, 2014).
Biological plant-growth promoting agents are becoming more of a method for improving crop production and minimize the hazards of chemical fertilities. The development of chemical syntheses ...


... middle of paper ...


...erde, Lerner, Dror, Okon & Burdman, 2009). Disruption of these genes caused Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 to not produce biofilms as effectively. The alterations in the mutants were affected by their altered lipopolysaccahrides and exopolysaccahrides to the wild type strain. Overall, these genes are involved in extracellular polysaccharide biosynthesis.
Overall, the synthesis of the tetrasaccahride as its 2-aminoethyl glycoside corresponded to the O-specific polysaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide of Azospirllum brasilense strain Sp7 was carried out to show why the development of chemical syntheses facilitated the access to this required tetrasaccahride. Following glycosylation, the use of thioglycosides both as a donor and acceptor reduced the number of steps. This plant growth promoting bacterium help to produce vitamins and hormones that promote crop production.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Agriculturals use of UAVs Essay

- Agricultural use of UAS Summary This paper will look at the agricultural use of UAS and the benefits these systems can provide to this industry as well as the roadblocks and hurdles to their use. “Traditional agriculture practices treat entire fields as single management units. A farmer applies seed, fertilizer, and pesticides at the same rate for an entire field.” (Campbell, 2007, p. 482) While conditions can vary greatly within a single field farmers continue these practices because of the lack of information to do it differently....   [tags: Agriculture, Use, Benefits, Systems, Fertilizers]

Better Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Transgenic Organisms in the Agricultural World Essay examples

- What are transgenic organisms. How are they made. Are they safe. Are they a good source of food. These are all questions that are asked about transgenic organisms. Through this paper we will discuss these questions and give viable answers. We will look in detail into the role these organisms play in today’s society. Transgenic organisms are organisms that have been genetically modified through the insertion of DNA from one organism into the genome of another organism (WiseGeek, 2011). In our case the organisms are agricultural plants that are being modified to produce a desired phenotype....   [tags: Agricultural Research ]

Better Essays
1641 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about The Agricultural Development Projects For Sri Lanka

- There are multiple agricultural development projects taking place in Sri Lanka including the UNDP Sri Lanka Community Programme, the Agro-Economic Development Project, and government projects. The UNDP Sri Lanka Community Programme is a four-year project designed to improve the management of natural resources. They hope to support the people’s livelihood and help reduce poverty in agricultural areas. They plan to do this through the reduction of deforestation and forest degradation along with replantation of forests that will benefit 10,000 households directly....   [tags: Agriculture, Agricultural economics, Poverty]

Better Essays
858 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on China 's Agricultural Industrialization Process

- Having examined the various forms DHEs take in China’s agricultural industrialization process through case studies across China a trend towards tried and true policy making emerges wherein most commonly large semi-enterprises with connections to local, provincial, or central government agencies come into an area and begin agricultural processing or production operations with some assistance or involvement of the local population. Market efficiencies are eliminated and goods are sent to where they are most needed and useful, this would be a resounding policy success if not for failing to not only meet the intrinsic goal of DHEs from a policy perspective by the inherent requirements of good ag...   [tags: Agriculture, Agricultural economics, Investment]

Better Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Aquaponics: The Physical and Environmental Benefits

- Growing food with Aquaponics is more efficient than growing food the traditional soil garden way. In a typical soil garden, growers end up spending hours of their time doing back breaking work on their garden, but not anymore, with Aquaponics the need for any tilling, digging, or weeding is eliminated. Aquaponics combines Aquaculture (Raising fish in tanks), and Hydroponics (Growing plants without soil). The outcome is a working system that provides plants with all the nutrients they need, while using a minimum of space, effort, water, fertilizers, and pesticides....   [tags: Agricultural Research ]

Better Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Agricultural Production And Agricultural Productivity

- Spoor’s (2007) proposes that ‘income poverty’ in the countries with predominantly rural poverty can be fought through improving agricultural productivity, increasing accessibility of food and employment improvement. Since ‘Income poverty’ is high in post-Soviet Tajikistan and largely has a ‘rural’ face, Spoor (2007) ideas can be applicable. The agricultural reform promoting a switch from state and collective farms to individual and family type farms largely had positive effects on both agricultural production and agricultural productivity in the post-Soviet Tajikistan....   [tags: Agriculture, Food security, Poverty, Cultivation]

Better Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

The Agricultural Revolution: Augmentation and Dissemination Essay

- The blessing and curse of the Agricultural Revolution is advocated with its augmentation and dissemination. Taking the stipulative definition of “blessing” and “curse” from the original premise, one can only superimpose the layman’s terms of “negative” and “positive”. Upon examination of the two classifications within the Neolithic Period and ancient Mesopotamian civilization one can confirm the premise. Therefore, the agriculture revolution was a blessing and a curse for humanity. Human society began to emerge in the Neolithic Period or the New Stone Age....   [tags: Agriculture]

Better Essays
1231 words (3.5 pages)

The Agricultural Revolution in the 20th Century Essay

- The Agricultural Revolution in the 20th Century Development of Agricultural Tools and Machines The development of machines began in the 1890's when the first steam tractor and combine were made in California (Meij 3). There was a need to make more efficient use of the labor; therefore, machines were developed ("Agripedia" 2). By 1914, the combine started to spread outside of California to the rest of the United States (Meij 4). Then in 1928 it spread to Great Britain and then to the Netherlands after World War II (Meij 4)....   [tags: Agricultural Revolution]

Free Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)

Agricultural Adjustment Act Essay

- The Agricultural Adjustment Association is a New Deal agency tasked in establishing a new act called the Agricultural Adjustment Act that helped the American economy thrive administrated by economists and agricultural engineers without giving farmers there story on economics. Furthermore, to encourage great purchasing power and durable prices for farmers this notion of stable supply and demand affected prices of farm commodities. “Low prices on cattle and hog, five-cent cotton, and twenty-five-cent-a bushel of wheat would leave Oklahoma’s 203,000 farm families in dire distress” (1)....   [tags: AAA, farming, agriculture, economics]

Better Essays
605 words (1.7 pages)

New Roots for Agricultural Technology Essay

- New Roots for Agricultural Technology "There was once a town in the heart of America where all life seemed to live in harmony with its surroundings." So begins the excerpt in Pojman from Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. Carson asks us to envision the human ecological harmony that may be the ultimate fantasy of most environmentalists. This allows us to refresh our vision and strengthen our inspiration to fight for this ideal, as she then describes the possibilities of destruction which may await this community....   [tags: Agriculture Farm Farming Essays]

Better Essays
1280 words (3.7 pages)