The history of after-school programs is that during the later part of the nineteenth century, the need for children in the industrial labor force greatly declined and the want for higher education became a large importance set on American society. Many educators believed that a time was needed during the day where children could have what’s known as “discretionary time”. Children would go to what was known at the time as “boys clubs” to fill in the short period of time after school and prior to returning home for the night. Later on, ideas of academic achievement as well as social skills were put into place in the after-school setting in order to promote a more diverse education for the America’s youth. Additional ideas included providing developmental supp...
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Pedicone, J. (2010). Setting priorities for after-school programs to do more than occupy kids' time. Inside Tucson Business, 19(44), 21.
Wezyk, A. (2011). Relationships between Competitive Anxiety, Social Support and Self-Handicapping in Youth Sport. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 372-77.
Kruczek, T., Alexander, C. M., & Harris, K. (2005). An After-School Counseling Program for High-Risk Middle School Students. Professional School Counseling, 9(2), 160-163.
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