Behaviorism: Types, History, and Today Essay

Behaviorism: Types, History, and Today Essay

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Behaviorism is one of the many schools of psychology and it has one main overall focus. The main overall focus is it studies how a human behaves and is supposed to behave in order to detect human behavior discrepancies. As a behaviorist view, everything you see has a set behavior and should perform a certain, similar to robots. Watson stated that “psychology as a behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is … prediction and control” (1913, p.158).
A more in depth perspective it is that they also believe people have no free will and that there environment dictates how they will behave. They all believed in the term “tabula rasa” also known as the state of mind being blank when born. They also believed that there was little difference between the learning of an animal and a human therefore they carried out there research on animals. But what exactly is behavior?
Behavior is the result of stimulus-response even if it was so complex that it couldn’t be explained. Watson description of the stimulus response was “ To predict, given the stimulus, what reaction will take place; or, given the reaction, state what the situation or stimulus is that has caused the reaction” (1930, p. 11). Throughout time and history, the idea of behaviorism has not changed all that much. (McLeod S. A.)
Throughout history there have been several people that has added to the idea of behaviorism. Several of these people came to a similar conclusion that it all depends on environment and how you was taught in it. Pavlov, Watson, and Skinner were three of these kind of people that believed in behaviorism. Pavlov had a vigorous experiment while Watson and Skinner had a simple research in mind.
Pavlov (...


... middle of paper ...


...tion was to occur. The Bobo Doll study was children watching a clip of a woman beating the Bobo doll up. Later the children was put in a room with the Bobo doll, the children then beat the doll like the woman did. The term “monkey see, monkey do” is used appropriately for this study. Today behaviorism is lying dormant with scientists and we study briefly in the realm of psychology.



Works Cited

McLeod, S. A. (2007). Behaviorism - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
http://www.simplypsychology.org/behaviorism.html
Graham, George, "Behaviorism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (fall 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .
Thorndike, E. L. (1898). Animal intelligence: An experimental study of the associative processes in animals. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 2(4), i-109.

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