Behaviorism: Types, History, and Today Essay

Behaviorism: Types, History, and Today Essay

Length: 2279 words (6.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Behaviorism is one of the many schools of psychology and it has one main overall focus. The main overall focus is it studies how a human behaves and is supposed to behave in order to detect human behavior discrepancies. As a behaviorist view, everything you see has a set behavior and should perform a certain, similar to robots. Watson stated that “psychology as a behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is … prediction and control” (1913, p.158).
A more in depth perspective it is that they also believe people have no free will and that there environment dictates how they will behave. They all believed in the term “tabula rasa” also known as the state of mind being blank when born. They also believed that there was little difference between the learning of an animal and a human therefore they carried out there research on animals. But what exactly is behavior?
Behavior is the result of stimulus-response even if it was so complex that it couldn’t be explained. Watson description of the stimulus response was “ To predict, given the stimulus, what reaction will take place; or, given the reaction, state what the situation or stimulus is that has caused the reaction” (1930, p. 11). Throughout time and history, the idea of behaviorism has not changed all that much. (McLeod S. A.)
Throughout history there have been several people that has added to the idea of behaviorism. Several of these people came to a similar conclusion that it all depends on environment and how you was taught in it. Pavlov, Watson, and Skinner were three of these kind of people that believed in behaviorism. Pavlov had a vigorous experiment while Watson and Skinner had a simple research in mind.
Pavlov (...

... middle of paper ...

...tion was to occur. The Bobo Doll study was children watching a clip of a woman beating the Bobo doll up. Later the children was put in a room with the Bobo doll, the children then beat the doll like the woman did. The term “monkey see, monkey do” is used appropriately for this study. Today behaviorism is lying dormant with scientists and we study briefly in the realm of psychology.

Works Cited

McLeod, S. A. (2007). Behaviorism - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
Graham, George, "Behaviorism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (fall 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .
Thorndike, E. L. (1898). Animal intelligence: An experimental study of the associative processes in animals. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 2(4), i-109.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Use Of Classical Conditioning And Pavlovian Conditioning Essay

- In 1913 a new movement in psychology appeared, Behaviorism. “Introduced by John Broadus Watson when he published the classic article Psychology as the behaviorist views it.” Consequently, Behaviorism (also called the behaviorist approach) was the primary paradigm in psychology between 1920 to 1950 and is based on a number of underlying ‘rules’: Psychology should be seen as a science; Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events, like thinking and emotion; People have no free will – a person’s environment determines their behavior; Behavior is the result of stimulus resulting in a response; and All behavior is learned from the environment....   [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]

Term Papers
1276 words (3.6 pages)

Essay The History And Key Players On Reading Research

- Literacy research has been contributed and greatly influenced by numerous reading and writing scholars, educators and researchers in the past century. Some of the studies in literacy research have transformed the way how reading and writing should be taught in the new century; other studies have provided insightful suggestions to direct literacy research and education in the future. Through the review of historical research in reading and writing, these two fields have become more and more integrated and both have impacted our understanding of literacy in the 21st century and the way forward....   [tags: Research, Scientific method, Empirical research]

Term Papers
1515 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Behaviorism And Its Effects On The Individual

- What is behaviorism and where did it come from. It emphasizes a scientific and objective approached to investigate behavior. Behaviorism is known to most as a psychological approach. John Watson was known to be the loudest voice for behaviorism even though he was not the founder. He started the spread of the knowledge of what behaviorism was in 1912, when he wrote an article that stated the methodology and behavioral analysis of behaviorism. The article that John Watson wrote was titled ‘Psychology as the behaviorist views it’....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Behavior]

Term Papers
1667 words (4.8 pages)

The Theories Of Behaviorism And Constructivism Essay

- As the beginning of my education career approaches, I have geared my thinking toward my professional practice. Throughout this course I have attempted to find useful information to apply in my future classroom. Of all of the theories we have covered, I have chosen two that I wish to utilize to the fullest extent possible. Although there are numerous theories that will apply in one way or another, I hope to make use of the theoretical perspectives of behaviorism and constructivism. Behaviorism is the theoretical approach to learning that looks on the outside influences of an individual rather than the inside....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Classical conditioning]

Term Papers
1588 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Bullying Type Of Behavior And Behavior

- CC Cole is a 7-year-old male here today with his mother to discuss some behavioral issues. HPI Mom reports they had some issues with behavior last year in the first grade, as well. Specifically, there were issues with certain children in the school. Reportedly, there is a young girl, who exhibits bullying type of behavior and some of her efforts have been addressed to Cole. There were several occasions last year where because of that there was arguing between the two or he would respond to some of that bullying type of behavior....   [tags: Behavior, Human behavior, Psychology, Behaviorism]

Term Papers
808 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about Maslow 's Theory Of Behaviorism

- One of the initial factors that could have contributed to the development of behaviorism was the work of Wundt and other psychologists of this time period. The focus on introspection may have been a catalyst for another way to understand how people interact and function. As researchers began to realize that a lot about human behavior could be understood without time intensive introspection, they began to move toward a more behaviorist mentality (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014). Objective psychology in Russia paralleled many of behaviorisms concepts, but although the work of Sechenov and Pavlov was similar, it was not as demarcated as Watson’s subsequent definition....   [tags: Behaviorism, Operant conditioning]

Term Papers
1051 words (3 pages)

Essay Psychoanalysis And Behaviorism Schools Of Psychology

- Psychoanalysis/Behaviorism schools of psychology Psychoanalysis is a school of research and practice in psychology that was proposed by Sigmund Freud between the years 1856 and 1939. Specifically, Sigmund argued that patients can be cured by evoking consciousness in unconscious thoughts. As such, this field aims at determining repressed emotions in patients with depression and anxiety disorders. On the other hand, Behaviorism attracted a main stream attention between 1920 and 1950. Particularly, behaviorist approach notes that a person’s behavior is directly linked to their environment....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Behaviorism, Unconscious mind]

Term Papers
837 words (2.4 pages)

Behaviorism - A Methodological Proposal of Explaining the Behavior Essay

- Behaviorism must be seen as a methodological proposal of explaining the behavior of organisms from the lowest to the highest. Explaining human and nonhuman behavior by reference to scientific laws and the theories expressed of physical states, events, and entities. Because modern psychology emerged roughly in the mid-19th century, information of behaviorism was gathered in its early stages by introspection (looking at your own inner states of being; your own desires, feelings, and intentions) then linking them to the outside observable state....   [tags: Behaviorism Behavior]

Term Papers
3387 words (9.7 pages)

Origins of Behaviorism Essay

- Origins of Behaviorism Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour....   [tags: Papers]

Term Papers
1716 words (4.9 pages)

Behaviorism Essay

- Behaviorism according to Craig & Dunn (2010, p.14), is defined as the view that the appropriate focus of psychology should be on observable behavior. There were several people that help contribute to the study of behaviorism; however there are five that were key in pioneering what we know today; Ivan Pavlov, Edward Lee Thorndike, John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Albert Bandura. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born September 14, 1849 in Ryazan, Russia. His father was a poor village priest, who wanted his son to become a priest as well....   [tags: Psychology, Pavlov, Thorndike]

Term Papers
1446 words (4.1 pages)