Behaviorism, Classical Conditioning, And Observational Learning Essay

Behaviorism, Classical Conditioning, And Observational Learning Essay

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Behaviorism known as learning theory states that the reason why people think, act, and feel the way they do is because they learned it. John Watson in 1913 started this movement claiming that learning wasn’t just about our neutrons or your genes. It’s believed that all behavior is learned from surrounding behaviors and behavior is a result of stimulus and response. Behaviorism is also scientific but ignores biology, it has many experiments to support its theories and is highly applicable in therapy. There are three ways to apply behaviorism, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning.
Classical conditioning is a form of associative learning, it’s when you using the pairing of stimulus to cause a certain reaction. In 1897, Ivan Pavlov practically opened the door to classical conditioning with his dog experiment. The steps to the classical conditioning are, first Pavlov used food as an unconditioned stimulus; something that leads to a natural response, to find an unconditioned response; a natural response, which was salvation. After he found the unconditioned response and unconditioned stimulus he took a bell as his neutral stimulus because it causes no response. Pavlov then rings the bell (neutral stimulus) and gives the dog food (unconditioned stimulus) which causes the dog to salivate (unconditioned response). Pavlov repeated this process several times, he would ring the bell then give the dog food and the dog would salivate. After a while, Pavlov would ring the bell and the dog would salivate even though there wasn’t any food. Now the neutral stimulus which the bell become conditioned stimulus which also resulted in a conditioned response. Classical conditioning is about natural responses, unlike ...


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... was well aware of this and hid this fact from his case. This new research can heavily affect the experiment because that could mean that the experiment was somehow fixed and the result can’t be used.
In 2012, an article was written by Freedman, David H. talking about Skinner 's work, obesity, and technology. Skinner had serval theories including one on obesity, his techniques were used to tame behavioral problems. Skinner wrote about behavioral obesity which is eating even when there is no hunger. His techniques were applied to varies diet programs such as weight -watchers, these programs go on Skinner 's idea of rewarding routines instead of going on magically losing weight. The article talks about how they were able to take theses technique and put them into apps. This article showed that Skinners theory’s and techniques on obesity are having a huge effect today.

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