Essay on Behaviorism And Its Effect On Behavior

Essay on Behaviorism And Its Effect On Behavior

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Behaviorism is the process of associating a stimulus with response that produces a new behavior. Reinforcement produces a change in behavior. The reinforcement may be negative or positive. Both reinforcements may cause the behavior to repeat itself even though negative reinforcements decreases the chances of the behavior repeating itself. When the learning has occurred, there has been a change in behavior. Tbe behaviorial techniques are used by teachers to promote desirable behavior as well as discourage bad behaviors. The strengths of using a behaviorism are that it is appropriate to use the behaviors to make behavioral; contracts, because it can bring about a preferred result with the use of punishment, reinforcement and extinction. The success of outcomes is readily measurable, it guarantees specific learning, and it is easy to apply the principles. There are also weaknesses to behaviorism that include that it is an extrapolation of animal behavior to humans, it fails to explain the development of human languages and the effect of the environment in shaping the behavior is not taken into account by behaviorists.

Cognitivism is how the mind gets, processes and stores information. Cognitivism is a response to behaviorism where learners participate in their learning. The mind functions like a computer where information is the input. The mind stores the information for the time being and the information is stored to retrieve later on. Learning is shaped by getting strategies and knowledge and attitudes, called schemas. The cognitivism view of learning is teacher-centered, and information is presented to achieve the most effective learning. Cognitivism is used in problem-solving where there are complex concepts, and the parts mus...

... middle of paper ... which is more important than what the learner already knows. To facilitate learning, nurturing and maintaining connections is needed, and the ability to identify the connections between concepts is also important. The purpose in connectivist activities is maintaining current and accurate knowledge. Finally, decision-making is a learning process because information can change and what is viewed as correct one time may not be correct the next. This theory is used when there is research involved. With all the resources available, Twitter, websites, and so forth a learner can build a learning network that is growing and receives up-to-date information on topics. The strengths of this are that information can be obtained easily and quickly. The weaknesses of the program are that there are so many sources that it is difficult to know if the source is legitimate or not.

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