The term Anorexia means “loss of appetite”. The disorder is characterized by excessive loss of weight (15% less than the actual ideal body weight) and self-starvation. The disorder affects men and women of all ages and is predominant in women. Persons with anorexia fear extremely about weight gain, see themselves as fat even when they are under-weight, do excessive dieting and exercising. Person tries to lose weight by self-induced vomiting, reduce eating and put restrictions to the eating habits.
TYPES OF ANOREXIA
Restricting type- the person turns anorexic due to weight loss by excessive, dieting and fasting.
Purging type- the person turns anorexic by deliberate vomiting or using laxatives and diuretics.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANOREXIA AND HEALTHY DIETING
Healthy dieting is a way to control weight but anorexia leads to controlling of emotions and feelings. Anorexia leads self-esteem based on just body image and low body weight. Healthy dieting focuses on reducing body weight for good health and appearance. On the other hand, anorexia focuses on reducing weight to achieve happiness. In healthy dieting goal is to lose weight in a healthy manner. In anorexia health is neglected.
CAUSES OF ANOREXIA
Researchers found out that certain personality traits, pattern of thinking and emotions are responsible for anorexia. Biological and environmental factors can also be the cause for anorexia. When people with anorexia find their lives and other areas to be very stressful they look food and...
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...One should not act negatively with the anorexic person.
Treatment at the right time can make the disorder less severe. The treatment makes the person to value self. Teaching, encouragement for healthy eating habits, realistic attitude towards food and body image helps in prevention of the anorexia.
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Treasure, J., Claudino, AM., & Zucker, N. (2010). Eating disorders. 375, 583-593.
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Timothy Rogge. (2013, Feb 2). Anorexia nervosa. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000362.htm
Fisher, Ca., Hetrick, SE., & Rushford, N. (2010). Family therapy for anorexia nervosa.
Sullivan, P.F. (1995). Mortality in anorexia nervosa. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 152 (7), 1073–4.
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