Essay on The Beginning Of The 1905 Revolution

Essay on The Beginning Of The 1905 Revolution

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The 1905 revolution has been described by Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik Party and future leader of the Soviet Union as a “dress rehearsal” for the 1917 revolution. The most important difference is that the 1905 revolution failed to destroy the autocracy in Imperial Russia. A combination of reasons can explain why this revolution failed in overthrowing the Tsar Nikolas the Second. The revolutions participants were not revolutionaries that wanted to overthrow the Tsar, it was not started by revolutionary groups. The military and military context played an important role to the revolution’s failure, and the autocracy’s reforms gave compromise to the protestors who could be satisfied with the changes. These facts show why the 1905 revolution failed to destroy the autocracy.

The beginning of the 1905 revolution was marked by the Bloody Sunday incident on the 9th/22nd of January 1905, where a march of workers in protest to the Winter Palace to deliver a signed petition lead by Orthodox priest Georgy Gapon were shot at by the Imperial Guard. Hundreds were killed or injured. The workers belonged to the ‘Assembly of Russian Workers’ trade union which was formed by Father Gapon, which he made clear was not a revolutionary group. The Social Democrats, a Marxist political party used the Bloody Sunday massacre to fuel the dissatisfaction with the conditions that the workers and peasants lived in, but they could not control the revolution as it was not theirs to control. The revolution was started and continued by workers, demanding better working conditions and peasants, demanding more land. Vladimir Lenin, founder of the Bolshevik faction of the Social Democrats believed that if a revolution was led by the liberal majority or the ...


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...saved himself and the autocracy from being overthrown with the reforms to the Duma and the peasant commune.

In conclusion, the 1905 failed to destroy the autocracy because that is not what it intended to do. The intention of the revolution was to receive more civil liberties, and to be granted better working conditions. The revolutionaries would have to start a revolution with the intention of destroying the autocracy for it to succeed in destroying the autocracy. The military remained loyal to the Tsar out of fear, and while the Russo-Japanese war was a terrible defeat for Russia, it would take a defeat with much higher casualties and more devastating consequences, like in World War One, to cause the dissatisfaction needed for a revolution. The changes and reforms made by the Tsar gave the people what they wanted, and gave him time before another revolution came.

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