The Battle of Yorktown was a major turning point in the Revolutionary War and led to the creation of the United States of America. After six grueling years of war the end of the war was near. Six months before the morale of the continental army was at the lowest point of the war. Congress was bankrupt due to rampant inflation caused by the mass production of continental dollars. The continental army was being trounced in the south by the British who had regained South Carolina and Georgia. Also many of the men in the continental army were mutinying. However in July of 1780 a French force landed in Newport, Rhode Island and this boosted American morale greatly (Fleming 11-13). Russia had suggested peace negotiations between the Americans and the British however the Americans were sure that they would not be allowed their freedom or unity as the thirteen colonies. If they had entered peace negotiations without new major victories then even if they had gained their freedom they would not have been unified and would have quickly been taken over by the British once more. Washington planned to gain a major victory by recapturing New York from the British.
He had sent the Marquis de Lafayette to counter the British invasion of Virginia and had sent him a message regarding his plans towards New York, however the message was captured by the British and the plans were discovered (Fleming 14–16). General Rochambeau dissuaded Washington of attacking New York and persuaded him to rather attack Cornwallis. Cornwallis had given up his campaign in the Carolinas because he had been defeated by Daniel Morgan in the Battle of Cowpens and had won a Pyrrhic victory against Nathaniel Greene in the Battle of Guilford Court House and had decided t...
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... "Bank Rolling the Battle of Yorktown: Gold and Silver from Havana Allowed American Troops to Trap Lord Cornwallis and His Army." Http://go.galegroup.com/. GALE, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
"Siege of Yorktown." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
Weber, Michael. "THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN: THE CLIMAX OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION." Http://web.ebscohost.com/. EBSCOhost, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.
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