Battle of Yorktown
September 5th 1781, a French Naval Fleet inhabited the lower Chesapeake Bay, which was a key factor in the Siege of Yorktown, which was the last major battle against the British leading to Americans independence. There was a lot of moving pieces to make this epic battle possible. There were 17,600 American and French soldiers which George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Marquis de Lafayette, led and a French Naval Fleet led by Rear Admiral Francois Joseph Paul, the Comte de Grasse. The British with 8,300 soldiers led by General Lord Cornwallis and 7,000 more on the way from General Clinton in New York which arrived too late. Since we have all been in the military longer than a day, we have all heard the saying, “Communication is key!” Well, for this battle that was the truth. At the time of the American Revolution, both the British and the American rebels practiced a variety of methods to keep their written communications secret. Both had networks of spies who needed to pass on their information right under the noses of their adversaries. Both turned to invisible inks, hidden messages, and secret writing in the form of ciphers and codes. This enabled us to keep an open line of communications between not only the Continental and French Army, but the French Navy as well. With our open lines of communication, we were able to put together a land and sea assault, which, closed down the British flow of food and supplies, pin down our so-called superior opponent utilizing the terrain, and inching closer allowing our artillery to wear down those Red Coats, Hessians and Tories!
The Siege of Yorktown took place from September 28 through October 19 1781 during the cooler months. The temperature ranged from 49 degrees ...
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...ns would establish their trenches needed to begin the siege. The French and America Armies moved Artillery pieces into position to engage the British.
On October 9, 1781, the siege of Yorktown and General Cornwallis would officially begin. All French and American guns were in place. “Both Army’s had plenty of Artillery, cannons and other big guns at Yorktown. The British was equipped with 65 Artillery pieces however, Washington’s Army had 124, almost twice as many” (Fradin, 26). At 1700 hour on October 9, Ready says, “George Washington himself fired the first American cannon toward Yorktown” (35). “Washington and Rochambeau knew that this battle would last more than a single day.
The Americans and French would surround the town until the British surrendered” (Ready, 34). The American and French guns would pound British defenses all night long, resulting in no time
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