The siege of Yorktown significantly propelled the American colonies as a legitimate power in the western hemisphere. Many variables led to the downfall of the British Army and ultimate surrender to the American army. Though the defeat can be read in history book, it goes without controversy. The British had more experience, better equipment and better leaders. Some of the factors that have to be looked at was the American and foreign military support, Cornwallis defeat and the weapons used to defeat the British army and navy. These were some of the important factors that pushed the young American army into beating a military super power.
September 5th, 1781, a French Naval Fleet inhabited the lower Chesapeake Bay, which was a major advantage to the continental army. The siege of Yorktown, was the last major battle against the British army under General Cornwallis, resulting in the inevitable surrender and American independence. There was a great deal of coordination prior to the actual engagement consequently leading to this outcome. The total number of soldiers consisted of 17,600 American and French soldiers, under the command of General George Washington, Marquis de Lafayette, Comte de Rochambeau, and Rear Admiral Francois Joseph Paul, the Comte de Grasse lead a French Naval Fleet. 8,300 British forces were commanded by General Charles Earl Cornwallis with 7,000 additional forces sent from General Sir Henry Clinton in New York. Unfortunately for the British, the reinforcements arrived too late. According to General Cornwallis, the British failed their mission as a result of lack of reinforcements from Clinton. Middleton stated (2013), “However, it is wrong to blame Clinton alone for Yorktown” (p.387). Vari...
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...old the line for that amount of time. “By October 12th, the British troops were aboard the warships and ready to leave New York. The next day, just before the ships were to set sail, a huge storm hit New York harbor. The storm delayed the fleet’s departure by a few crucial days” (Fradin, 2012, pg.33). By October 14, the trenches of the Continental and French Armies were within 150 yards of redoubts number 9 and 10. Ready confirms, “On October 14, Washington ordered an attack on two British redoubts separated from the town’s main defense” (Middleton, 2012, pg.387). These two redoubts were the last outer defensive positions of the British Army. The redoubts needed to be captured to force the surrender of the British Army, as the British would now be in an indefensible position. The Continental army would attack redoubt 10 which had seventy British Soldiers held inside.
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- Battle of Yorktown The siege of Yorktown significantly propelled the American colonies as a legitimate power in the western hemisphere. Many variables led to the downfall of the British Army and ultimate surrender to the American army. Though the defeat can be read in history book, it goes without controversy. The British had more experience, better equipment and better leaders. Some of the factors that have to be looked at was the American and foreign military support, Cornwallis defeat and the weapons used to defeat the British army and navy.... [tags: Siege of Yorktown, American Revolutionary War]
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