In 1942, World War II had been raging for three years. The United States of America have declared war upon the Axis powers following the devastating Japanese attack upon Pearl Harbor. At this point in the war the Allies are in a grave situation. German forces have pushed the British off mainland Europe, and the Japanese have conquered much of the Pacific region, coming increasingly nearer to the American mainland. In order to combat this rising threat, the American military headship began to search for viable alternatives to replace widely used established tactics. The motive for this search for irregular methods the fact that the Allied forces were not strong enough to meet the Axis powers on a conventional battlefield. In December of 1941 Colonel William J. Donovan, a World War I Army hero and presidential confidant, made a formal proposal to President Roosevelt to create a U.S. military unit that “would infiltrate occupied territory and assist resistance groups.”(Hoffman, 1995, p.3) In January of 1942, the president’s son, Captain James Roosevelt USMC wrote a letter to Major General Thomas Holcomb, 17th Commandant of the Marine Corps, suggesting the formation of “a unit for purposes similar to those of the British Commandos and the Chinese Guerillas.”(p. 3) Encouraged by the success of the British commando units, such as the SAS, LRDG, Royal Marine Commandos, and the enthusiastic endorsement of such units by the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President Roosevelt urged the Marine Corps leadership to form specialized amphibious raider units. Although Holcomb believed that by its nature the Marines could carry out amphibious raids and did not need such special units, Holcomb re-d...
... middle of paper ...
...oys anti-tank rifle.
the Boys antitank rifle, a 35-pound behemoth firing a .55-caliber round. Edson adopted these Canadian weapons to provide his men with a light but serviceable capability against enemy armor. The rifle eventually saw use with other raider battalions. The heavy round was accurate at more than 1,000 yards, and the 2d Raiders used a Boys on Makin to destroy two Japanese seaplanes ( Hoffman, 1995, p.3)
Another example of a supremely significant innovation that the Raiders initiated, is the use of camouflage-pattern uniforms and the use of burlap strips to break up the distinct outline of the standard issue infantry helmet. This concept of camouflage established by the Raiders would influence America’s armed forces to this day, the Marine Corps adopting the EDRL pattern uniform as their first standard issue, camouflage pattern, battle dress in 1969.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Some people wonder all their lives if they’ve made a difference. The Marines don’t have that problem.” – Ronald Reagan former United States President. Above is a photograph of my unit’s patch. We always wore them on our flak jackets whenever we did operations. To me this will always be a reminder of the good and the bad times I have shared with the family I have gained while in the Marine Corps. Through the four years that I served I’ve learned how to become more of an adult as well as adapting to the never ending changes.... [tags: United States Marine Corps, Marine, Royal Marines]
835 words (2.4 pages)
- The United States Marine Corps The service assignment I would like is The United States Marine Corps. Specifically I would like to go infantry and then transfer in to the foreign area officer program after three years so that I can be trained and eventually become a regional area officer. My end goal is to become an FOA and then an RAO. The FAO program is very competitive and has an average of 8 FAO applicants for every slot available. To become an FAOs one must be a commissioned officer at or above O3, have broad military experience, be primary MOS qualified, and must be eligible for Top Secret, a score of 95 on the Defense Language Aptitude Battery, and score oral 2/2 on their Defense... [tags: United States Marine Corps, Royal Marines, Marine]
1368 words (3.9 pages)
- “We Need to Exterminate Them,”: A Marine Describes the Battle of Guam in an article written in 1944 around the World War II. The article is written to give an insight into the extreme and brutal battle between the Americans and the Japanese. In contrast, the article titled, Interview with Dr. Kenneth Clark, is a detailed transcript of nineteen interview questions regarding Dr. Clark and his wife’s research on the study of segregated minority children. The research was transpired during 1954 through 1965 and the interview was co recorded on November 4, 1985.... [tags: World War II, United States, Racial segregation]
1158 words (3.3 pages)
- Simon Sinek’s idea and concepts of leadership are very similar to ones used by the Marine Corps. The Marines are one of the most successful military organizations around the world. They have achieved success by accomplishing missions and winning battles. Battles fought in difficult terrains, climates and circumstances. They have thrived in times when other military branches are better funded and equipped and never lost sight of their purpose and goal. Marines always seem to defy assumptions. They appear to have something special and different when compared to the other military branches.... [tags: United States Marine Corps, Marine, Royal Marines]
753 words (2.2 pages)
- Introduction Tinian is a small island in the Marianas group lying approximately 3,500 miles west of Hawaii and 1,400 miles southeast of Tokyo Japan. The island was discovered by Ferdinand Magellan who landed on the island of Guam first in 1521. The island remained under Spanish control for centuries. Tinian remained under Spanish control until the Spanish-American war of 1898, when the American cruiser USS Charleston entered the harbor in Guam to claim that island. Spain took notice at the end of the war and sold the remaining islands of the Marianas to include Tinian to Germany.... [tags: Battle for Tinian]
2836 words (8.1 pages)
- Through the years there have been countless battles that have been fought on our own soil and ones fought over seas but there truly is one branch of military that has stood out amongst them all. From a little bar in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to the deserts of Afghanistan. They have always been the first to fight. Semper Fidelis meaning always faithful is a slogan that has been used since the 16th century. But was not adopted until 1883 by the United States Marine Corps. It was during the American Revolution when the Continental Congress passed that two battalions of Marines are formed to help the landing force of the Continental Navy.... [tags: United States Marine Corps, United States]
931 words (2.7 pages)
- Marine Biology When you think of a marine biologist, what do you see. You might picture a dolphin trainer, or maybe you see a man swimming with whales and sharks deep in the middle of the ocean. The field of marine biology is the study of aquatic organisms, their behaviors, and their interactions with the environment. It is considered the most unknown and exciting fields of oceanography. The Phoenicians and the Greeks are responsible for the earliest known studies of marine biology. However, specific references to marine life were never recorded until the writings of Aristotle (384-322 BC).... [tags: Ocean, Oceanography, Marine biology, Life]
887 words (2.5 pages)
- Each year,millions of people across the world travel to marine parks, for the chance to see one of the most intelligent, fascinating beings of this Earth, the marine mammal. However, this aquarium is actually a torturous jail cell for the marine mammals that inhabit it. Research has shown that these animals were never fit for captivity. In fact, according to the popular documentary “Blackfish”, more than seventy trainers have been injured by the captive marine mammal, though not a single aggressive tendency toward humans has ever been documented to have occurred in the ocean.... [tags: Whale, Killer whale, Marine mammals, Cetacea]
915 words (2.6 pages)
- OUTLINE I. Introduction. The Marine Corps today has developed itself into an elite fighting force based on strong naval traditions. The basic Marine is amphibious, which means that the warrior is capable of fighting on land and sea. The idea of an amphibious landing was developed through the training of the Marine Raider Battalions, which was tested and perfected in combat. Although there were two Raider Commanders with very different views on how to prepare their marines, Evans Carlson and Merritt Edson were responsible for training lightly armed Marines for amphibious assaults.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2562 words (7.3 pages)
- I enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corp in 2002, and was promoted through the ranks quickly assuming the role of a leader. At the age of 19, I had pinned on Corporal (E-4), and embarked on my on-the-job training in leadership. Spending time with the Marines prior to being promoted, I knew their personalities, strengths and weaknesses, and what motivated them. Reassuring that "if I 'm going to have followers then I better interact with them well and know what 's going on with them" (BMAL 500 Audio Lecture Series).... [tags: United States Marine Corps, Leadership, Sociology]
749 words (2.1 pages)