The Battle Of The Civil War Essay

The Battle Of The Civil War Essay

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The United States is at war but this time it is not at war with a foreign country it is at war with itself, a civil war. Whatever the cause of the civil war does not concern us for the events and information that follow will focus on a battle that comes toward the end of the civil war not the cause of the war. The Savannah Campaign or the March to the Sea was important in the civil war but one battle in particular had more importance than the others did. The Battle at Fort Macalister, a Battle led by General William Babcock Hazen ensured the success of the Savannah Campaign and led to the eventual seizure of the city itself.
General William Babcock Hazen commanded the Fifteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee , the unit that General Sherman ultimately chose to take Fort Macalister. General Hazen after graduating from West Point in 1855 at the age of 25 was posted to Indian country in Oregon as well as follow on assignments in Texas as an infantry officer . It was here that he began to develop his leadership skills amidst fighting with the Indians, specifically the Comanche Indians . These early conflicts and actions helped give General Hazen the foundation of leadership and combat experience he would ultimately be able to build upon and use during the actions at Fort Macalister.
Upon Commencement of the Civil war General Hazen was appointed Colonel and put in charge of an Ohio volunteer regiment a unit he was very successful with, so successful in fact that it would help lead him to the position he held during the savannah campaign. General Hazen fought successfully with his men at Shiloh, Chickamauga, and Lookout Mountain and these events are what caught the eyes of leadership. General Hazen took control of the XV Corps in Gene...


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...ast amounts of experience. The XV Corps had fought under General Sherman at Vicksburg and Shiloh, so they were well seasoned and they knew what was expected of them . The Soldiers were prepared for battle, they were ready to fight, had the morale to prove it, and once the battle would commence you would be able to see it.
General Hazen having numerical superiority still had one major issue to contend with when attacking the Confederate Fort, its Armament. Fort Macalister had four 32lb smooth bore cannon, one rifled 32lb cannon, two 10in Columbiads, 3 8in Columbiads, 1 24lb cannon, 6 6-pound howitzers, 1 12-pound mountain howitzer and 1 10in seacoast mortar . General Hazen however did have a way to combat this issue and that was his snipers, snipers who could attack from long distances and cause disturbances hindering the Confederates usage of high caliber weaponry.

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