The territory of the Germanic tribes held many resources that the Romans would desire. Thus, these desires act as an indicator for why the battle occurred. The Romans became aware of the German peoples in 113 BCE and soon fought for the area afterwards (Mattingly p. 29). One of the primary resources would be land. Land in ancient Roman times meant that an empire had power, wealth, and an army that excelled. Thus with the Germanic Tribes land, Rome would gain tremendous power to go with the resources that land would add. Along with the power, the land also provided crops. The main crops of the Germanic peoples were wheat, barley, rye, lentils, and peas (McKeown p. 158). These crops were especially important as they could ...
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... behavior and actions, as well as the circumstances that allowed Arminius to unite several of the tribes. It is understandable why the Romans wanted Germania as the land provided power, crops, iron ore, and lumber for the Romans. However, just because an army is strong enough to occupy an area, does not mean that the leader of the army cannot have any intelligence. Varus lacked any form of understanding that his behavior antagonized the Germanic tribes, and that he was surrounded by his enemies instead of friends he would have found in the forum in Rome. Varus’ negligence thus opened the door for someone like Arminius to counter the Romans’ strategy and unite the Germanic tribes for the Battle of Teutoburg Forest. Though this battle could have been prevented, it serves as a reminder that even a powerful empire like Rome can be defeated under the right circumstances.
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