The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 by the Japanese signaled the start of Japanese military control throughout the Pacific and the start of World War II. June of 1942 the Japanese Navy is defeated at the Battle of Midway and it is considered by most to be the turning point of the war. The American military began a campaign of island hoping to take control of strategic islands in the south pacific. Even with the islands they had already controlled Americans knew if they wanted to win they would have to capture the entire island of Iwo Jima, including its three airfields, to provide an area for damaged bombers and other aircrafts. Iwo Jima is needed to save the lives of the Americans flying the B-29 bombers to help prevent losing more Americans in the dangerous Pacific Ocean. The decision was quickly made to attack and take the island of Iwo Jima, code named operation detachment. June 1944, Lieutenant General Tadamichi Kuribayashi was chosen as command of Iwo Jima (National Geographics). Kuribayashi had lived and trained in the United States so knew the only way to have a chance against the American’s superior fire power was to fight the battle from underground where they would be protected (Hickman). Iwo Jima was an important island for the Japanese because it provided an area of attack and functioned as a buffer zone for Americans attempting to bomb their homeland. Initial bombing raids against Iwo Jima began in June 1944 (Navy Department Library). The B-29’s and naval ships’ bombing destroyed ...
... middle of paper ...
.... March 11th operation detachment entered the final phase. During this phase the Marines took out small section of enemy forces and by March 26 the island was officially secure. The “36-day assault resulted in more than 26,000 American casualties, including 6,800 dead” and only “1,083” out of “20,000 Japanese survived” (Hickman).
Iwo Jima was won by the relentless fighting spirit of the Marines, strategic planning and support provided by the Navy and Army. The Americans won this war with superior fire power and strategic fighting tactics planned days in advance; however, the Japanese put up a well fought battle considering the few resources they had. The Battle of Iwo Jima is a battle of sacrifice and one that will never be forgotten. It is a source of pride due to the strategic accomplishes made by the United States. The Battle of Iwo Jima will never be forgotten.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Battle of Iwo Jima The Battle of Iwo Jima was a large scale land battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for the island of Iwo Jima against the Imperial Japanese Navy. Prior to this battle the Japanese had been on the offensive in the war, however now it was their turn to defend their home from invading enemy forces. The battle of Iwo Jima was a turning point in World War II as it was the first attack on Japanese home soil. Despite its size, Iwo Jima was considered to have great tactical importance for both the Japanese and the Americans in the war as there were three airfields on the island.... [tags: Japanese/American history, WWII]
993 words (2.8 pages)
- The Battle of Iwo Jima In the early morning of 19 February 1945, United States Marines assigned to the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Division led the initial assault on the Japanese controlled island of Iwo Jima, with the objective of capturing and securing the island. This was the beginning of one of the fiercest and bloodiest; and more decisively, the most strategically important battles fought during World War II. After the dust had settled, and the smoke had cleared, the causalities and losses were astounding.... [tags: island, military, soldiers]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- Its black sand beaches are known worldwide by courageous fighting men and is home to one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. Today it is still an icon of courage and sacrifice, a source of national pride. It is Iwo Jima. The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 by the Japanese signaled the start of Japanese military control throughout the Pacific and the start of World War II. June of 1942 the Japanese Navy is defeated at the Battle of Midway and it is considered by most to be the turning point of the war.... [tags: WWII, Pearl Harbor]
829 words (2.4 pages)
- The battle of Iwo Jima occurred during the World War 2, the first major battle to happen during the World War 2 on Japanese homeland. The island of Iwo Jima was an important location because the US needed a place for fighter planes and bombers to land and take off when attacking Japan. The Japanese knew that the land was such an importance; they were determined to keep control of it. Iwo Jima is a small island located 750 miles south of Tokyo, Japan. It is mostly flat except for one mountain, Mount Suribachi.... [tags: World War II, Japan]
739 words (2.1 pages)
- ... The two Divisions represented four assault regiments and they were to take control of specific beachheads. Sweeping east and then north, securing the airfields in order (Airfields One, Two, and the one under construction). One division would split itself and take Mount Suribachi and the other would sweep northeast flushing out the remaining Japanese fighting force. The 3rd Marine division was to stay in reserve but after the fifth day of battle, fighting was fierce and they had to push the 3rd Marine division forward.... [tags: land, bombers, marines]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- ... Japan Strategy Gen. Kuribayashi had little illusion that his forces would be sufficient in repelling the American invasion. The defense strategy centered on inflicting casualties so severe that the U.S. would hesitate to venture forward on attacking the Japanese mainland. The Japanese had a very unique strategy for 3 reasons. 1) The Japanese did not fight above ground. They fought the entire battle from beneath the ground. They dug 1,500 rooms into the rock that were connected by 16 miles of tunnels.... [tags: division, defence, tunnels]
580 words (1.7 pages)
- War. One of the most Terrifying things a Country has to go through. Though it is true that it can sometimes bring freedom most soldiers who survive never return home the same as when they had left. Many of the Soldiers who fought at the battle of Iwo Jima lost their lives on the island. In fact, one soldier said that out of the Seven of the Easy Company soldiers that went in only he, Captain Dave Severance, made it out alive. What was the purpose of this battle. The battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the United States and the Empire of Japan.... [tags: History World War II WWII ]
1408 words (4 pages)
- Iwo Jima, Battle of, one of the most costly battles of the Pacific campaign of WWII, fought in February and March 1945 on the island of Iwo Jima. About 6800 U. S. personnel lost their lives in seizing the island from the Japanese; Japanese losses were estimated at more than 21,000. The capture of the island provided American air units with the first base inside the Japanese inner-defense system from which to attack the heart if industrial Japan with medium bombers escorted by fighters.... [tags: essays research papers]
330 words (0.9 pages)
- The great battle for the island of Iwo Jima, also known as Operation Detachment, has left multiple opinions on whether the battle was necessary. Iwo Jima is an island that just happens to be in the Pacific, and it had the right geographical advantage to cause problems for the American military. Were these problems worth the title of being one of the worse battles in American history. If the amphibious assault was being well practiced between the Navy and Marines Corps, then why did it lead to all those deaths.... [tags: United States Marine Corps, Royal Marines]
1719 words (4.9 pages)
- A. Plan of Investigation This historical investigation explores the following question: To what extent were the battle strategies of Japan and the U.S. similar in the Battle of Iwo Jima, and how effective was each strategy. In order to fully evaluate the extent of the similarities and effectiveness of Japan and the U.S., this investigation examines the battle plans and strategies of both sides, stories from the soldiers and generals, and the final results from both sides. The types of sources used for the investigation were books, movies, and websites.... [tags: combat history, invasion, iwo jima]
1774 words (5.1 pages)