The Battle of Iwo Jima
The Battle of Iwo Jima was a large scale land battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for the island of Iwo Jima against the Imperial Japanese Navy. Prior to this battle the Japanese had been on the offensive in the war, however now it was their turn to defend their home from invading enemy forces. The battle of Iwo Jima was a turning point in World War II as it was the first attack on Japanese home soil.
Despite its size, Iwo Jima was considered to have great tactical importance for both the Japanese and the Americans in the war as there were three airfields on the island. Under Japan’s control they were being used by Japanese fighter planes to attack American bombers on their flights to bomb Japan. Under American control, the airfields could be used as emergency landing bases for airplanes damaged in bombing raids. They could also be used for fighter planes to escort the bomber planes on their way to Japan once under American control.
A map of Iwo Jima. (Wolny)
America also wanted Iwo Jima because they needed a base near Japans main islands, it would allow for the sea and air blockade of Japan and the ability to conduct air bombardment and to destroy the enemy's air and naval powers.
Knowing that the island was of such importance, the Japanese needed desperately to maintain control of it. There were about twenty two thousand soldiers under the command of Lieutenant General Kuribayashi. These soldiers had had the time to build very strong defensive positions throughout the island. Kuribayashi knew that his options for launching attacks were
practically nonexistent as he needed every last one of his soldiers on the island to defend it ...
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...s an important United States base. (Thomas 328-332)
Hastings, Max. Retribution The Battle For Japan. New York: Random House, 2007. 263-269.
Miller, Kimberly. "Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945." The Navy Department Library. N.p.. Web. 18 Feb
Thomas, Even. Sea of Thunder. New York: Hamilton Lokey, 1989. 328-332. Print.
Toll, Ian. Pacific Crucible. New York: W.W.Norton&company, 2012. 490-500. Print.
"The Battle for Iwo Jima." The National World warII museum. N.p.. Web. 18 Feb 2014.
"The Battle of Iwo Jima." History Learning Site. N.p.. Web. 17 Feb 2014.
"The Battle of Iwo Jima." Iwo Jima.com. N.p.. Web. 8 Mar 2014.
Rosenthal, Joe. Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. N.d. Photograph. History ChannelWeb. 25 Mar 2014.
Wolny, . Iwo Jima - map. N.d. Map. Wikimedia commonsWeb. 25 Mar 2014.
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- The Battle of Iwo Jima The Battle of Iwo Jima was a large scale land battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for the island of Iwo Jima against the Imperial Japanese Navy. Prior to this battle the Japanese had been on the offensive in the war, however now it was their turn to defend their home from invading enemy forces. The battle of Iwo Jima was a turning point in World War II as it was the first attack on Japanese home soil. Despite its size, Iwo Jima was considered to have great tactical importance for both the Japanese and the Americans in the war as there were three airfields on the island.... [tags: Japanese/American history, WWII]
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