The Basic Goals and Philosophy of Corrections for the 21st Century in America
The view on corrections have changed over the years. While corrections is a main function of the criminal justice system, it is designed to regulate behaviors considered so dangerous that they cannot be tolerated within the confines of society (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014). After 9/11, society’s reactions to crime and punishment have intensified. A more conservative, hardline approach to corrections is encouraged, even with the declined crime rate. The correctional system is no longer used solely for punishment. Rehabilitation and treatment for offenders is a growing entity of the correctional system. Corrections in the 21st Century is focusing on reducing the recidivism of their offenders through the use of rehabilitation, treatment, education, and job training.
After an offender has served their sentence, they are released back into society. Education programs serve an added function of resocialization toward prosocial norms while productively occupying the inmate’s time. (Sedgley et.al., 2010). Offenders who receive employment training while serving the prison sentence are less likely to return to prison. “Having prisoners work and/or participate in education programs addresses two possible causes of incarceration and recidivism, lack of job skills and lack of education” (Sedgley et.al., 2010). The use of job training and educational services gives an offender a better chance of being a productive member of society. Both of the programs allow offenders, who are serving indeterminate or determinate sentences, the opportunity to complete something they may not have the opportunity to complete after they are released from prison.
The use of de...
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...ion reduces the overall costs of housing, feeding, medical treatments, job training, and educating offenders in the correctional system. Offenders who fail to pay child support or owe restitution can be required to work and pay their debts off while on probation. If those same offenders are sitting in a jail cell, no money can be collected from them. No one wins in those cases.
There will never be a winner when it comes to criminals. Whether it is society or an induvial who are the victim, there is always a victim. Sentencing offenders to lengthy jail terms are justify in many cases, while reducing a sentence based on good behavior for a non-violent offender can also be justified. The overall goal for the correctional system seems to be reducing the prison population by reducing recidivism. That goal cannot be accomplished without working together.
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