Banning Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

Banning Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

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Advocating for GMOs (In Horticulture Industry)

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) were first introduced in 1973 when Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen created the first successful organism whose DNA had been recombined. Since 1973 there have been many strides in GMO technology and regulation--in 1980, Diamond v. Chakrabarty ruled that GMOs can be patented, allowing the Exxon Oil Company to patent an oil-eating microorganism (“History of GMOs”). And in 1982, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved genetically engineered drugs, the first ever consumed product developed in this manner. Following these rulings, engineered crops started popping up at an incredible rate: according to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA), there are approximately 1.2 billion acres of genetically modified crops grown around the world, consisting of more than 80 types (Frazier). As a response to controversy surrounding the safety of biotechnology, the FDA declared in 1992 that genetically engineered foods are “not inherently dangerous” and do not require special regulation (“History of GMOs”). In actuality, the applications of GMOs are extensive--from making farming more sustainable to providing crops for developing countries, GMOs play a dominant role in our world today. In regards to the horticulture industry, GMOs limit the effects of infestations in plant populations, enable new traits to be introduced to plant species for superior development, and create a protected business avenue for the horticulture industry spanning the fields of olericulture through floriculture.

Foremost in the horticulture industry, the impact of pests can be limited through the genetic engineering of plants. Inse...


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...lly bred crops can be patented, as well as decorative flower and plant variations. It takes a lot of time, money, and effort to produce a plant with the desired GMO qualities, so it makes sense to protect the investment through a patent. The cost of generating a new genetically modified crop is $136 million, and biotech companies rely on patents to safeguard their investment (Zhou). Whether or not these patents should exist is more than just a GMO issue because the same could be argued for software, drugs, or even books. Plants induced with a terminator genes to create sterile seeds are intended to prevent reproduction that occurs outside of the terms of the patent. When examining the process for genetically modified plants, a time lapse of 20 years is no drawback when considering the many benefits of GMOs that have enabled the horticulture industry to flourish.

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Banning Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

- Advocating for GMOs (In Horticulture Industry) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) were first introduced in 1973 when Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen created the first successful organism whose DNA had been recombined. Since 1973 there have been many strides in GMO technology and regulation--in 1980, Diamond v. Chakrabarty ruled that GMOs can be patented, allowing the Exxon Oil Company to patent an oil-eating microorganism (“History of GMOs”). And in 1982, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved genetically engineered drugs, the first ever consumed product developed in this manner....   [tags: Genetically modified organism]

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