The Baltimore and Ohio railroad has a very interesting background on why it started. Many years after the American Revolution a large number of people began to migrate west over the Cumberland Narrows, which is two mountains with a narrow gap in-between located in western Maryland. The Cumberland Narrows was also an early traveling path to the boat building centers located in Pennsylvania and Pittsburgh. It was also the same route George Washington took for Braddock’s Expedition, an attempt to capture the French Fort Duquesne which failed. The route had become famous as the Cumberland Road which was one of the five passes through the rough Appalachians. Now that multitudes of people were moving to the West, it was a chance to make profit. While water transport and travel was the hottest technology of the day, some of Baltimore’s business community wanted something new and different that would also generate wealth. The intelligent comm...
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...nt in the Civil War. B&O was prepared and recovered fast. It is known as one of the strongest and most successful railroad in the United States. The railroad company started off as the first common-carrier railroad to the first stem engine railroad and reached destinations faster than anyone would have thought of in the 19th century. As stated in many articles, B&O is by far the greatest railroad company of the 19th century and in the United States today.
"Baltimore & Ohio Railroad: The Union's Most Important Supply Line." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online Baltimore Ohio Railroad The Unions Most Important Supply Line Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
"Determining the Facts." Reading 3: The Washington Connection. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
National Parks Service. National Parks Service, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
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