Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Essay

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Essay

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One of America’s oldest railroads, known as the first common-carrier railroad, was chartered on February 28th 1827, by a group of Baltimore businessmen. The main objective of the railway was to ensure traffic would not be lost to the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, which was proposed and ground broken the same time as the railroad. The new railroad was a big invention, which allowed people and freight to travel by train. This was a huge improvement for the United States, since everything was becoming more advanced in other countries. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company is the great railroad that owns up to the big title of “The First Common Carrier.” The B&O railroad has a rich history dealing with its background, building, competition, growth tactics, numerous raids, and involvement in the Civil War.
The Baltimore and Ohio railroad has a very interesting background on why it started. Many years after the American Revolution a large number of people began to migrate west over the Cumberland Narrows, which is two mountains with a narrow gap in-between located in western Maryland. The Cumberland Narrows was also an early traveling path to the boat building centers located in Pennsylvania and Pittsburgh. It was also the same route George Washington took for Braddock’s Expedition, an attempt to capture the French Fort Duquesne which failed. The route had become famous as the Cumberland Road which was one of the five passes through the rough Appalachians. Now that multitudes of people were moving to the West, it was a chance to make profit. While water transport and travel was the hottest technology of the day, some of Baltimore’s business community wanted something new and different that would also generate wealth. The intelligent comm...


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...nt in the Civil War. B&O was prepared and recovered fast. It is known as one of the strongest and most successful railroad in the United States. The railroad company started off as the first common-carrier railroad to the first stem engine railroad and reached destinations faster than anyone would have thought of in the 19th century. As stated in many articles, B&O is by far the greatest railroad company of the 19th century and in the United States today.




Works Cited

"Baltimore & Ohio Railroad: The Union's Most Important Supply Line." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online Baltimore Ohio Railroad The Unions Most Important Supply Line Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
"Determining the Facts." Reading 3: The Washington Connection. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
National Parks Service. National Parks Service, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.


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