The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that was developed by Dr. Robert S. Kaplan and Dr. David P. Norton in the early 1990's. Their goal was to provide organizations with a clear understanding of what to measure in order to improve performance and results (Balanced Scorecard Institute 2014). The balanced scorecard is a framework that allows an organization to measure performance and compare it to the organization’s strategic objectives and goals (Kinney and Raiborn 2013, 10).
Purpose of the Balanced Scorecard
The balanced scorecard uses short- and long-term, internal and external, and financial and nonfinancial measures to evaluate performance. Management can analyze these measures and compare them to the organizations goals (Kinney and Raiborn 2013, 11). The balance scorecard allows managers to analyze a business from four perspectives: customer perspective, internal perspective, innovation and learning perspective (learning and growth perspective), and a financial perspective (Kaplan and Norton January/February 1992, 72). Each perspective has goals and measures that assist in developing the balanced scorecard.
Every organization should ask itself, “How do customers see us?” Most organizations mention their dedication to serving their customers in their mission statement. The balanced scorecard, through the customer perspective, requires management to break down their general mission statement on customer service into four specific measures: time, quality, performance and service, and cost (Kaplan and Norton January/February 1992, 72-74). “Customers must believe that, when a product or service is purchased, the value received was worth the price paid” (Kinney and ...
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...obias Hahn, Stefan Schaltegger, and Marcus Wagner. 09/2002. "The Sustainability Balanced Scorecard - Liking Sustainability Management to Business Strategy." Business Strategy and the Environment 11 (5): 269-284.
Kaplan, Robert S., and David P. Norton. January/February 1992. "The Balanced Scorecard - Measures that Drive Performance." Harvard Business Review 71-79.
Kinney, Michael R., and Cecily A. Raiborn. 2013. Cost Accounting: Foundations and Evolutions, 9th Edition. Cengage Learning.
Mehta, Foram. 2011. Understanding the Disadvantages of a Balanced Scorecard. August 12. Accessed February 2014. www.buzzle.xom/articles/understanding-the-disadvantages-of-a-balanced-scorecard.html.
Paranjape, Bhagyashree, Margaret Rossiter, and Victor Pantano. 2006. "Performance measurement systems:successes, failures and future - a review." Measuring Business Excellence 10 (3): 4-14.
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