There are three different types of meningitis; viral, fungal, and bacterial meningitis. Although not as common as viral meningitis, bacterial meningitis is more likely to leave individuals with permanent disabilities. In children, disabilities can range from deafness, hearing loss, and cerebral palsy? the most common after effects. And in adults, septic shock, brain swelling, and hydrocephalus are most likely to occur if the disease advances without treatment within a sufficient time period. The three main bacteria responsible for bacterial meningitis are streptococcus pneumoniae, haemophilus influenza type B (Hib), and neisseria meningitidis.
Hib meningitis is an infection caused by a bacteria called, Haemophilus influenza serotype b. This bacterium is a pathogenic, gram negative bacterium in the family Pasteurellaceae (2008 Kenneth Todar University of Wisconsin?Madison Department of Bacteriology). Gram?negative bacteria are bacteria that inhibit signal transmission between macrophages by injecting their endotoxins into the cell; making them unable to communicate with each other and alert others of foreign organisms. This bacterium is also known to cause inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. The inflammation and swelling are caused by the response of the immune system because not knowing how to handle the invader, it overreacts; thus, the cause of swelling and inflammation. Meningitis brought on by Haemophilus influenza type B is usually more prevalent in young children and infants aged 12?36 months. The reason, in the infant case, being that they are no longer protected by the transplacentally acquired maternal antibodies from their mother and have not developed their own serum antibodies to c...
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- Meningitis is described as the infection/inflammation of the meninges, which is the layer that covers the brain and the spinal cord in the central nervous system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.). Several types of meningitis can occur. Of these are bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic, or toxic (Huether, McCance, 2008). Most people who contract viral meningitis are said to make a full recovery and fungal meningitis generally occurs in people with an impaired immune system (“What is Meningitis?” n.d.).... [tags: brain, spinal cord, nervous system]
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