B. F. Skinner and his Study of Operate Conditioning Essay example

B. F. Skinner and his Study of Operate Conditioning Essay example

Length: 685 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview



SKINNER: Verbal Behavior

According to Skinner the spoken language is one that not only facilitates communication it shows emotion, conveys ideas and can incite action (Diessner, 2008). Language can be considered active behavior since language can have physical effects on people, both the speaker and audience.
B. F. Skinner and his study of operate conditioning that is based on negative or positive responses to behavior has been extremely instrumental in the behavioral movement  (Diessner, 2008). Many of us learn from our own experiences. For example, while I was in undergraduate study at Ball State, I started a grease fire in the kitchen and attempted to put it out. Unfortunately, I must have missed the lesson on how not to put a grease fire out with water. Diessner (2008) states that "verbal responses are classified as requests, commands, permissions, and so on, depending upon the reasons why the listener responds, the reasons often being attributed to the speaker's intentions or moods" (p.134). I witnessed this to be true as working as a social worker with individuals with developing disabilities, I encouraged our staff to make requests versus demands when wanting an individual to perform a given task. This behavior is not only respectful and polite, it often results in the individual to respond favorably. 
Diessner (2008) states that "a concept is simply a feature of a set of contingencies which exist in the world, and it is discovered simply in the sense that the contingencies bring behavior under its control" (p.136). In the filed of substance abuse treatment, hearing a commercial, a song, or conversation about alcohol, may trigger or entice the alcoholic to begin to crave or obsess over a drink. Diessner (2008) continu...


... middle of paper ...


... are regarded as sacred and untouchable, emanating from adults and lasting forever. Towards to age 7-8 appears to desire for mutual understanding in the sphere of play. The children of third stages (7 to 10) do not yet know the rules in details. The child begins to think logically about the concrete objects, situations, categories, and principles in his life. Children of the fourth stages, on the contrary, have thoroughly mastered their their code. Finally, between years of 11 and 12, appears at fourth stages, which is that of the codification of rules (Diessner, 2008). The child begins to think logically about the concrete objects, situations, categories, and principles in his life. 12 through adulthood called the formal operations stage, children begin to break away from concrete objects and form their own opinions and their possible variations (Diessner, 2008).



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Psychology : Skinner 's Behaviorist Theory

- ... Then, I will describe the process by which the structure produces certain behaviors, and the process by which my particular behavior interacts with that structure. Lastly, I will critique the value of Skinner’s theory by examining how helpful it is in explaining my speeding behavior in sight of police cars. A key structure in Skinner’s theory is the response. A response is an observable reaction someone has towards something. A responses may vary from a simple behavior to a more complex behavior....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Reinforcement]

Better Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Why Does A Study Hard For A Test? Essay example

- ... He would place the stray cats in a “puzzle box”, to see if the cat would learn to pull a string allowing them to escape the box to get food. Thorndike learned that with repetition, it took less time for the cats to realize their way out of the box. Thorndike then explained the results as law of effect, which means that with positive reinforcement meant positive responses and negative reinforcement meant negative responses. Another major achievement for understanding how organisms learn was discovered during World War II....   [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
988 words (2.8 pages)

Skinner 's Principles Of Operant Conditioning Essays

- ... 313). For example, infants that are encouraged by their parents’ smiles or laughs when they make “baby sounds” are more likely to continue to make those sounds. Operant conditioning also influences the cognitive development, learning and memory, perceptual development, and social development of infants through early interactions with their parents (Gerhardstein, Kraebel, & Tse, 2006). The behaviors that were reinforced during the 10 year old child’s earlier years will play a large role in how his future behaviors will develop....   [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning, Punishment]

Better Essays
1348 words (3.9 pages)

The Theories Of The Behaviorist Operate Conditioning Theory Essay

- a. The goals I had for my classmates, understand what Skinner’s Behaviorist Operate Conditioning Theory. This is the idea that behavior is determined by, reinforcement, or punishment, which makes it more or less likely that the behavior will occur again. My second goal was to have them identify and understand reliability and validity. Reliability is the extent to which it will reproduce the same results. Well, validity is the quality of being factually sound. The third goal for my part of the lesson was them understand the standard error of measurement and know how they can find it....   [tags: Explanation, Understanding, Simeon the Righteous]

Better Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Operant Conditioning And The Conditioning Essay

- There are two types of learning, one is operant conditioning, and the other is classical conditioning. Operant behaviour is behaviour that is controlled through consequences. Operant conditioning consists of a behaviour, consequence (reinforcement or punishment) and likelihood of (staddon & cerutti, 2003). Skinner, who came up with this theory based his ideologies on the work of Thorndike, who had studied learning on animals using a puzzle box. He proposed the theory known as ‘the law of effect’ (Catania, 1999)....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning]

Better Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

- From the time humans are born, they begin the process of learning and trying to understand the world. Conditioning is one way of learning in which a response becomes more frequent as a result of reinforcement. We can also learn through associations and punishments. There are two types of conditioning that will be discussed within this paper, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. I will further discuss how both classical and operant conditioning are prevalent within my article claims and then explain why both conditioning methods are important in everyday life....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

- Classical conditioning and operant conditioning both played a key role in the history of the study of learning, but, as argued by B.F Skinner, there are key differences to be noted between the two (Gleitman, Gross, Reisberg, 2011). This essay will first explore what classical conditioning is by using Ivan Pavlov’s famous experiment with dogs to explain how it works. It will then go on to describe how classical conditioning led to more research by Edward L. Thorndike and B.F. Skinner in the study of instrumental behaviour (Gleitman et al....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism]

Better Essays
1499 words (4.3 pages)

B. F. Skinner's Philosophy of Operant Conditioning Theory Essay

- ... I guess that people didn’t believe that it could work so he put it to the test. He tried it on his daughter and though it took some time he finally found that there are better ways of dealing with unruly behavior that by punishment. This is something that will definitely come in handy while teaching. It shows that even when a child is misbehaving that there are better ways to go about dealing with their behavior problems that by punishing them. Also, some children may behave the way they do because of the way they are treated at home....   [tags: enforcement, punishment, education]

Better Essays
604 words (1.7 pages)

B. F. Skinner Essays

- B.F. Skinner      B.F. Skinner was one of the most influential theorists in modern psychology. His work was very important and has been studied by many for years. Skinner was a very straightforward man and a very educated man. His theories have helped mankind in many ways. He has studied the behavior patterns of many living organisms. Skinner was a well-published writer. His work has been published in many journals. He also has written many books on behaviorism. His most important work was the study of behaviorism....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Skinner Essays]

Better Essays
1603 words (4.6 pages)

Burrhus Frederic Skinner Essays

- Burrhus Frederic Skinner People do on a day to day basis, many actions without realizing it, and most of the time, they don’t know why they do them. Certain reinforcements, some positive, and some negative have conditioned their actions and thoughts. All organisms, including humans, are greatly influenced by the consequences produced by their own behavior. The environment holds the key to most of the changes that occur in the way a person behaves and a human’s own behavior brings consequences that change his or her actions (B....   [tags: B.F. Skinner Psychologists Psychology Essays]

Better Essays
1141 words (3.3 pages)