According to the legend, the Aztecs, who referred to themselves as the Mexica, spent years wandering through central Mexico in search of a homeland. In AD 1325, the Aztecs founded their new capital Tenochtitlan (Moctezuma, 9). Years later, the Aztecs started to build their renowned empire. The Aztec Empire was made up of the Triple Alliance: Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan (Moctezuma, 55). Agriculture was the basis of the Aztec’s economy, but conquest and warfare lead to economic expansion and the accumulation of tributes from conquered towns (Moctezuma, 21). War was vital, for it maintained and expanded the economic and religious basis (Moctezuma, 55). The Aztec warriors were the driving force of much of the Aztec empires success because of their training, weaponry, wardress, sacrificing, and combat.
Aztec military training starts when a male child is twenty days old. There are two separate military training schools, Telpochcalli and Calmecac, whichever school the child entered was weighted heavily by heritage. Commoners usually went to Telpochcalli, to become soldiers, or Calmecac, to become a priest. Nobles, (privileged status from heritage), could become a priest, political, or military leader at Calmecac, which involved rigorous training of intellect and the training taught at telpochcalli. From here the youths would train until ready to be sponsored by veteran warriors that would take the youths to battle and watch over them. The youths would experience the war early to learn to courageously face death on the battlefield.
Warfare provided commoners an opportunity for social advancement. Achievement on the battlefield would offer elevation of social status, honor and material awards. A distinguished military care...
... middle of paper ...
...presenting Aztec gods). The eagle represented the images of the sun while descending and the jaguar represented the death of the sun (when the sun was not present in the sky). “This solar association refers to the Aztec warrior’s primary function, acquiring victims to nourish the sun” (Pasztory, 82). The ixcahuac, obsidian stone knives can be found in the Museo Nacional de Antropoligia, Mexico.
Atzec Atlatls can be found at the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico two feet in length and one and a half inches thick with a hook at the upper end (Hassig, 76). The darts used with the atlatl, where made of wood and the butts were feathered, they would be fire hardened, and had obsidian, fishbone, copper, or flint points. Stone engravings of a warrior with an atlatl, dart, and shield originally from Tenochtitlan, Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico, (Hassig, 78).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The ancient Aztecs, who most likely originated as a nomadic tribe in northern Mexico, arrived in Mesoamerica at approximately the beginning of the 13th century. For a long time, the nomads wandered the land of Mexica, countlessly resettling into new areas in a constant search for land that was fertile and that they could call their own. Before the founding of their capital city of Tenochtitlan in 1325, the Aztecs had to work for various cities and small empires that were more powerful than them in order to gain military experience and come out as the dominant force in central Mexico.... [tags: Aztec, Mexico City, Aztec Triple Alliance]
1574 words (4.5 pages)
- Maya & Aztec Compare and Contrast Essay The Maya and Aztec civilizations were both indigenous people that flourished in Mesoamerica during different periods of time. Maya 's classic period is dated from 250 to 900 AD, which was considered to be the peak of their civilization. They covered much of the Yucatan Peninsula and were centered in what is now known as Guatemala. The Aztecs dominated from 1325 AD to 1521 AD, in what is now modern day Mexico. Although they shared cultural similarities such as their social structure, they also had their differences in military and religious rituals.... [tags: Mesoamerica, Aztec, Human sacrifice]
700 words (2 pages)
- The Aztec civilization was a very complex society that was feared and known well for their various gory sacrifices done to please their many gods in their polytheistic religion. The much feared civilization began by the exile of one of the two Toltec leaders, which lead to the decline of the Toltec state that was later replaced by Mexica, or the Aztecs. According to the Aztecs, the land chosen to build their main city was chosen by the portrayal of an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its mouth.... [tags: aztec civilization, polytheistic religion]
1181 words (3.4 pages)
- Throughout the centuries on Earth, Great Empires expanding mass amounts of territory have arose, and crumbled in the forms of the Persian Empire, Roman Empire, Han Dynasty, Mongolian Empire, and the Aztec Empire only to falter to the test of time. All great Empires are formed by having a distinctive advantage over their neighbours whether it be in military tactics, or technologies that allowed them to exploit the weaknesses of their rivals. The Mexica was a religious and militaristic society, causing their warriors to be extremely skilled in combat, allowing them to vigorously expand, and subjugate kingdoms in the Mexico Valley, with their constant need of captives for sacrifice, and allowi... [tags: Aztec, Mexico, Hernán Cortés, Mexico City]
1304 words (3.7 pages)
- Human sacrifice was a religious practice characteristic of the Aztec civilization, and much of Mesoamerica. Spanish conquistadors, Hernan Cortes, made observations of and wrote reports about the practice of human sacrifice. These reports tended to be great exaggerations of what they saw, nor did they comprehend the significance of sacrifice among the Aztec culture. These tales were fabricated to convince the people of the world that the Aztecs were less than human. An array of reasons and interpretations of the Aztec practice of human sacrifice have been proposed by modern scientists.... [tags: Human sacrifice, Mesoamerica, Sacrifice, Aztec]
1004 words (2.9 pages)
- What were the decisive factors that led to the fall of the Aztec empire. Your answer should make reference to the social and political contexts of the region as well as the military campaign. In this essay I am going to give a brief overview about the Aztecs and then talk about the factors that led to the fall of this empire. The Aztecs ruled from 14th century and their power expanded into Guatemala. The Aztec empire had a powerful military tradition, long-range trading and spy system and complex religious institutions that no one would have thought it would have fallen in less than two years.... [tags: Aztec, Mexico City, Mexico, Hernán Cortés]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- The Aztec Empire was the most powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of all time. They dominated the valley of Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Aztecs were an advanced and successful civilization that built beautiful, sophisticated cities, temples, and pyramids. They also created a culture full of creativity with mythological and religious traditions. Aztecs lead a structured and evocative life that let their society to become a very superior civilization. The Aztec’s communication skills were very well developed for their time; through religious beliefs, government involvement, and family life they lived a full and productive life.... [tags: Aztecs, Mesoamerica, history,]
832 words (2.4 pages)
- Religion affected political hierarchy in many other civilizations; the Aztecs and China were two of the ones affected. One of the main differences would be that China followed more of a Philosophy kind of religion to determine the political hierarchy while the Aztec believed in gods. One of the main similarities would be how the emperors and the rulers achieve and keep their power. One of the differences would be when how the religion split the political people. In the Aztec society, they believed in mainly three god cycles: Fertility, creation, and war and sacrifices.... [tags: power of rulers in ancient civilizations]
527 words (1.5 pages)
- When the conquistadors were battling the Aztecs, weapons that were thousands of years apart were pitted against each other. The Spaniards had the best European steel available, as well as an early form of musket, while the Aztecs fought with weapons made from wood, rock, and copper.(Hassig, 1992) The machuahuitl, a razor sharp sword, the tematlatl, a sling, and the tlacochtli, an obsidian pointed spear, were all simplistic, but the Aztecs could cause remarkable damage with these weapons. Conquistadors were equipped with steel swords and lances, and horses made the cavalry remarkably effective in combat.... [tags: fighting forces in America, conquistadors]
3095 words (8.8 pages)
- History of the Aztec Empire The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Lake Texcoco. In the swamplands there was only one piece of land to farm on and it was totally surrounded by more marshes. The Aztec families somehow converted these disadvantages to a mighty empire known as the Aztec Empire. People say the empire was partially formed by a deeply believed legend.... [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture]
1263 words (3.6 pages)