The Aztec Calendar Stone Essay

The Aztec Calendar Stone Essay

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The Aztec Calendar stone has become one Mexico’s national symbols. After decades of Latin American Art being degraded, underappreciated, forgotten, and abused, it has become one of Mexico’s most national treasures. After years of research from the Codex Mendoza, the Calendar, and documents by the Spanish conquistadors, it has gradually become clear as to how the Aztecs truly lived and how art played such a huge role in their society. It has not only given researchers insight to the Aztec culture and religion and has also given influence to modern and the mainstream media today such as fashion and graphic design.
The stone was found in 1790 by accident in the Plaza Mayor of Mexico City, when workmen who were excavating the earth to pave the plaza. It was discovered facedown, so it only seemed as if it was a large blank stone until it was turned over and the intricate details and deity was finally shown. It was decided to be set on the side on the Catedral Metropolitana, where it was abused and misunderstood for nearly a century. It wasn’t until 1885 and almost a hundred years of abuse by the people of Mexico, it was decided to be placed in the Museo Nacional. Although researchers at the time knew the importance of the Aztec stone, “students of Mexican antiquities, the founders of our archaeology, eagerly urged the successive governments to shelter and protect this significant monument of the pre-Hispanic past from the ignominy that it had suffered. According to chroniclers of the period, when it was displayed, the ignorant masses hurled filth and rotten fruit at the calendrical relief. Even the soldiers who at a certain time occupied the centre of Mexico—because of the constant violent tumult and foreign invasions that characteriz...


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...asts today how the Aztecs lived in their society and how devoted they were to their Gods. But it has also, only recently become extremely popular in the mainstream media. It will only become more and more popular as the years go by and more discoveries and the more research that will be done on the civilization and culture.



Works Cited

1) Solis, Felipe, Kristaan Villela, and Mary Ellen Miller. The Aztec Calendar Stone. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, 2000.
2) Lucie-Smith, Edward. Latin American Art of the 20th Century. London: Thames and Hudson, 2005.
3) Andra, . Pixe77, "The Aztecs’ Mark on Modern Art and Culture." Last modified March 09, 2012. Accessed November 12, 2013. http://www.pixel77.com/aztecs-mark-on-modern-art-culture/.
4) Jaime , Cóttrill. "Aztec-History.com." Accessed November 14, 2013. http://www.aztec-history.com/ancient-aztec-art.html.

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