The first appearance of the avian influenza is suspected to have emerged in 1878 in northern Italy when Perroncito demonstrated a contagious disease of poultry associated with high mortality (Lupiani & Reddy, 2009). Avian influenza was later defined by Perroncito as “fowl plague,” an acute contagious disease of poultry and other domestic and wild birds (Alexander & Brown, 2009). The highly pathogenic avian influenza became endemic through Italy and Central Europe until it disappeared around the mid-1930s (Lupiani & Reddy, 2009). It was not until 1918 that this highly pathogenic influenza reached the United States. In 1918, the United States, and most of the world was living in fear of an invisible enemy that was rumored to destroy everything in its path. It has been determined that the influenza epidemic of 1918 killed more people than the number of deaths obtained during World War I. One fifth of the world’s population was attacked by the deadly pandemic influenza virus of 1918, killi...
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