Avian Influenza Virus: Threat to Humanity Essay

Avian Influenza Virus: Threat to Humanity Essay

Length: 1145 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Unbeknownst to us, there is a residing disparity that threatens the very existence of humanity. Something that does not quite yet exist poses a threat to the continuation of human existence as we know it. An unpredictable occurrence of avian influenza (bird flu) strain is the primary concern of public health professionals and health care administrators. The peril of a potential humanized strain of avian influenza outbreak is completely uncertain partly because of the impact which the ecosystem plays in the variance of viruses and the evolutionary structure of bacteria. Although research enthuses imply that the occurrence of an avian influenza is unlikely to appear within our generation, it is still critical to remain vigilant.
The first appearance of the avian influenza is suspected to have emerged in 1878 in northern Italy when Perroncito demonstrated a contagious disease of poultry associated with high mortality (Lupiani & Reddy, 2009). Avian influenza was later defined by Perroncito as “fowl plague,” an acute contagious disease of poultry and other domestic and wild birds (Alexander & Brown, 2009). The highly pathogenic avian influenza became endemic through Italy and Central Europe until it disappeared around the mid-1930s (Lupiani & Reddy, 2009). It was not until 1918 that this highly pathogenic influenza reached the United States. In 1918, the United States, and most of the world was living in fear of an invisible enemy that was rumored to destroy everything in its path. It has been determined that the influenza epidemic of 1918 killed more people than the number of deaths obtained during World War I. One fifth of the world’s population was attacked by the deadly pandemic influenza virus of 1918, killi...

... middle of paper ...

immunology, microbiology and infectious disease, 32(4), 311-323.
Merrill, R. M. (2013). Introduction to epidemiology. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Peiris, J. M., De Jong, M. D., & Guan, Y. (2007). Avian influenza virus (H5N1): a threat to
human health.” Clinical microbiology reviews, 20(2), 243-267.
Sfakianos. J. N., & Alcamo, I. E. (2006). Avian flu. Infobase Publishing.
Wagner, R. Feldmann, A., Wolff, T., Pleschka, S., Garten, W., & Klemk, H. D. (2002). The Role
of Hemagglutinin and Neuraminidase in Influenza Virus Pathogenticity, In Structure-
Function Relationships of Human Pathogenic Viruses (pp. 331-345). Springer US.
World Health Organization. (2013, December). Influenza at the human-animal interface.
Retrieved from http://www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/Influenza_

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Influenza Virus And The Pandemic Epidemic Essay

- A high public health threat across the globe affecting thousands of people is the influenza virus and the different strains that recently evolved. Influenza viruses are said to be pathogenic and can be highly contagious when not properly treated immediately (Pfleiderer et al, 2014). This deadly virus has affected countless regions or areas throughout the earth for hundreds of years. Over the span of years, researchers have been studying and reproducing various new influenza vaccines due to the high rates of mortality and disease caused by this prevalent virus....   [tags: Influenza, Influenza vaccine, Pandemic]

Term Papers
875 words (2.5 pages)

The Potential for Avian Influenza to Cause Another Worldwide Pandemic Essay

- The Potential for Avian Influenza to Cause Another Worldwide Pandemic Abstract There are three major factors involved in the start of a pandemic; the viral strain must be new, able to cause serious illness, and transmit efficiently between humans. This article explores the avian influenza virus?s potential to cause another global pandemic through its ease of transmission and ability to evade treatment. Avian type A influenza virus generally spreads either through an intermediate vector during the process of antigenic shift or directly to humans when it jumps the species barrier....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Flu]

Term Papers
1703 words (4.9 pages)

What Has Lead Avian Influenza to Affect Humans Essay

- What Has Lead Avian Influenza to Affect Humans Avian Influenza is a negative stranded virus that has many different strands. The virus first jumped the species barrio in 1997 when a human was infected from poultry. Because of the variation in human and animal species and their genetic makeup, the H5N1 strand which was transferred to humans served no threat to the poultry but was deadly to humans. Although there are no vaccines present there are antiviral medications like Tami flu that are produced by Gilead Sciences....   [tags: Bird Flu Influenza Disease H5N1]

Free Essays
1440 words (4.1 pages)

Avian Influenza and Its Expected Ramifications Essay

- Over the past fifteen years H5N1 influenza (also known as Avian Flu or Bird Flu) has become a common topic of speculation and debate worldwide, causing quite a bit of confusion about its possible impacts on our society. At this point in time it is generally recognized by the international medical community that Avian Flu is bound to become a pandemic, most likely within the next ten years. Research on Avian Flu and its effects have led many scholars to make grave predictions of major global turmoil while a small portion of medical scientists remain skeptical, believing we will have enough time to thoroughly prepare for the outbreak....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

Term Papers
2754 words (7.9 pages)

Essay on The True Dangers of the H5N1 Virus

- The True Dangers of the Feared Pandemic Abstract The H5N1 strain of the avian flu is a virus. It has the potential to be very dangerous especially through its ways of transmission. The statistics of the current deaths and possible deaths also show the possible pandemic arising in the near future. However, this topic must be put into perspective and the common belief that it will eradicate our world is rather exaggerated. There is actually a higher chance that the avian flu will not become a deadly killer....   [tags: Bird Flu Avian Influenza Pandemic]

Free Essays
1772 words (5.1 pages)

Possibility of a Future Avian Flu Pandemic Essay

- Possibility of a Future Avian Flu Pandemic Influenza is a dangerous virus and highly contagious that has potential to devastate populations should an outbreak occur. A common influenza virus that humans are familiar with is the human influenza. Researchers and scientists are concerned about an especially threatening strain of influenza virus called H5N1, commonly known as the avian flu. Although this flu is mainly susceptible to wild birds, there have been outbreaks that show that humans also become infected....   [tags: Bird Flu Influenza H5N1]

Term Papers
1412 words (4 pages)

The History of the Flu Essay

- The History of the Flu This research paper covers the basic history of influenza. It begins with its early history and the reasons for why influenza was never feared. It also covers three influenza pandemics: the Spanish flu of 1918, the Asian flu, the Hong Kong flu and the terror and heartbreak left behind in their wakes. In addition, the paper discusses avian influenza and addresses the current threat of a bird flu pandemic. Influenza, an innocent little virus that annually comes and goes, has always been a part of people’s lives....   [tags: Influenza]

Term Papers
1640 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Avian Influenza: Type A Virus Infection in Humans

- Introduction The avian influenza virus is a type A influenza virus which is normally found in birds. Wild birds are the natural hosts for all known influenza type A viruses. This includes waterfowl, gulls and shorebirds. Ironically wild birds do not normally show symptoms of the influenza virus however when avian influenza type A viruses are passed onto domesticated birds, they are extremely susceptible to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) with a mortality rate of 90% to 100%1. Avian H2, H5, H6, H7, H8, H9 and H10 are the subtypes that are the most likely to be transferred to humans....   [tags: birds, HPAI, pandemic, H3N2, H1N1, virus]

Term Papers
3324 words (9.5 pages)

Avian Influenza: The H5N1 Virus Essay

- ... (Ausvetplan 2008). These factors points towards the need for an alternative strategy to control Avian influenza for which a better understanding of the disease process is necessary. Targeting NS1directly would be an option in devising a control strategy against H5N1. Integrating bioinformatics with gene expression data is an attractive strategy in enabling to propose new therapeutic strategies to combat avian influenza viruses in a very cost effective manner. Very many software’s are currently available in predicting miRNA targets and each of them have different algorithms and different parameters....   [tags: bioinformatics, asian countries, vaccinations]

Free Essays
643 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on The Flu is an Imminent Pandemic

- Flu: The Imminent Pandemic Influenza is an everyday disease that affects thousands worldwide. Despite its reputation as a mundane sickness, the flu (especially the avian flu) is widely touted by experts as the propagator of the next deadly pandemic. The secret to this virus’ lethality is its antigenic shifting, leading to increased virulence and transmission factors. If one strain of a super flu begins circulating, millions of lives and billions of dollars will be lost. Only by preparing a national and worldwide response to this threat will we be able to combat this imminent pandemic....   [tags: Biology Medical Influenza Disease]

Term Papers
1212 words (3.5 pages)