Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

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Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism gets its name from the Greek word “autos,” meaning self. This referred to an isolation or disconnect from the rest of the world. Many individuals who have been diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder have been described as withdrawing from the exterior world to their own world. They tend to display behavior that avoids engaging with people, eye contact, and have anxiety around others. As the awareness and rates have increased, researchers have been seeking an explanation as to the cause as well as treatment for a disease that until recently was very misunderstood. Autism spectrum disorder can cause developmental disabilities and causes deficits in communication, social growth and development in behavioral norms in varying levels of severity (Hyman, 2014).
It was first used in the early 1900s to describe some symptoms of schizophrenia until the 1940s, when it described emotional and social problems. Hans Asperger isolated some symptoms and identified Asperger’s syndrome. In the 1960s and 70s, researchers began making the distinction between schizophrenia and Autism (Oberman, 2005). Since that time, the distinction has been made between individuals with Asperger’s, Autism, and Pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PPD-NOS) (Santrock, 2013).
Some symptoms include: avoiding eye contact, not answering to name at 12 months, fails to show interest by 14 months, does not play “pretend” games, repeats phrases, trouble understanding feelings, gets upset by change, obsessive interests, and many more. Almost half of children with ASD have average to above average intellectual ability (Santrock, 2013). Some researchers are dividing ASD symptoms into two groups: social-cognitive, and senso...


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...Autism Spectrum Disorder. (n.d.). NIMH RSS. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.nimh.nihgov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd/index.shtml
Hyman, S. (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism The Science of Health. (). Hoboken: Taylor and Francis
Oberman, L. M., Hubbard, E. M., McCleery, J. P., Altschuler, E. L., Ramachandran, V. S., & Pineda, J. A. (2005). EEG evidence for mirror neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders. Cognitive Brain research. 24(2), 190-198.
Ramachandran, V.S. (2011). The tell-tale brain: A neuroscientist’s quest for what makes us human. New York: W.W. Norton.
Santrock, J. W. (2013). Life-span development. New York: McGraw Hill.
Vaccine Safety: Concerns about Autism. (2014, March 26). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/Concerns/Autism/Index.html

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