Autism gets its name from the Greek word “autos,” meaning self. This referred to an isolation or disconnect from the rest of the world. Many individuals who have been diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder have been described as withdrawing from the exterior world to their own world. They tend to display behavior that avoids engaging with people, eye contact, and have anxiety around others. As the awareness and rates have increased, researchers have been seeking an explanation as to the cause as well as treatment for a disease that until recently was very misunderstood. Autism spectrum disorder can cause developmental disabilities and causes deficits in communication, social growth and development in behavioral norms in varying levels of severity (Hyman, 2014).
It was first used in the early 1900s to describe some symptoms of schizophrenia until the 1940s, when it described emotional and social problems. Hans Asperger isolated some symptoms and identified Asperger’s syndrome. In the 1960s and 70s, researchers began making the distinction between schizophrenia and Autism (Oberman, 2005). Since that time, the distinction has been made between individuals with Asperger’s, Autism, and Pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PPD-NOS) (Santrock, 2013).
Some symptoms include: avoiding eye contact, not answering to name at 12 months, fails to show interest by 14 months, does not play “pretend” games, repeats phrases, trouble understanding feelings, gets upset by change, obsessive interests, and many more. Almost half of children with ASD have average to above average intellectual ability (Santrock, 2013). Some researchers are dividing ASD symptoms into two groups: social-cognitive, and senso...
... middle of paper ...
...Autism Spectrum Disorder. (n.d.). NIMH RSS. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.nimh.nihgov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd/index.shtml
Hyman, S. (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism The Science of Health. (). Hoboken: Taylor and Francis
Oberman, L. M., Hubbard, E. M., McCleery, J. P., Altschuler, E. L., Ramachandran, V. S., & Pineda, J. A. (2005). EEG evidence for mirror neuron dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders. Cognitive Brain research. 24(2), 190-198.
Ramachandran, V.S. (2011). The tell-tale brain: A neuroscientist’s quest for what makes us human. New York: W.W. Norton.
Santrock, J. W. (2013). Life-span development. New York: McGraw Hill.
Vaccine Safety: Concerns about Autism. (2014, March 26). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/Concerns/Autism/Index.html
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Describing Autism is a challenge in part because we are still unsure of what causes it. To add to the confusion most recently the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) by the American Psychiatric Association, has changed the diagnostic criteria, stating that currently “Autism Spectrum Disorder reflects a scientific consensus that four previously separate disorders are actually a single condition with different levels of symptom severity in two core domains.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1028 words (2.9 pages)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism spectrum disorder is a hot topic in today’s medical and educational world. This cognitive condition draws so many people’s attention because of the huge rise is diagnoses in the last 20 years and because of the wide range of cognitive and social difficulties that can be put on the autism spectrum. According to Psychology Tenth Edition in Modules by David G. Myers, autism is “a disorder marked by social deficiencies and repetitive behaviors.” Some of these social deficiencies include little to no eye contact, social awkwardness or inability to make conversation, to being completely non-verbal.... [tags: Autism, Causes of autism, Autism spectrum]
1125 words (3.2 pages)
- Have you ever heard of the term ASD. What are your thoughts when you see a child in public who is misbehaving. Well the two of these questions might be linked together. ASD is better known as autism spectrum disorder which is a disorder of the development in the brain according to Autism Speaks Inc. (2015). Due to this developmental issue children can be thought of as being bad or unruly, but in reality they cannot help it. The reason it may seem that way is because the brain isn’t processing like it should be.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1416 words (4 pages)
- Most Autistic children have different abilities and task they can and can not do, It is important to raise awareness for children with Autism. Most people do not realize how many children are diagnosed with Autism. Autistic children are not always the same, there are children diagnosed with different types of Autism. According to Autism Speaks, “Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”).... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1090 words (3.1 pages)
- Understanding autism, which is professionally known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, otherwise known as (ADS) can be a difficult task, especially for someone who is not trained in helping persons with disabilities. The first person to discover autism was a child psychiatrist, Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943. He names the spectrum disorder after the Greek word autos, meaning of or for oneself, due to the way the child display social avoidance. Many doctors’ believed in the past that autism was caused by the way the mother not caring for her child properly or ignoring him or her.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]
1955 words (5.6 pages)
- An uncommon issue among children today is Autism Spectrum Disorder. More commonly known as Autism, this disorder causes impaired social developing skills amongst the people who are diagnosed with this disorder. Although many people focus on children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, there are adults who have this disorder as well. Numerous adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder were diagnosed as children and have grown up with the disorder. How are the lives of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder different than the lives of adults who do not have Autism.... [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder Definition Autistic spectrum disorder is a prevalent developmental disability categorized by extreme withdrawal, cognitive deficits, language disorders, self-stimulation, and has an onset before the age of 30 months. There are five similar autistic spectrum disorders: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, child disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified). These five disorders all encompass varying degrees of problems with communication skills, social dealings, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]
1698 words (4.9 pages)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological disorder that affects behavioral development. Symptoms of autism arise in early childhood, around the time that children start getting vaccinated. For many years people strongly believed that vaccinations caused autism because around that time children began showing the common signs of the disorder; however this belief is false (Rodier, 1998, p. 122). The early childhood vaccinations that children receive do not cause autism. A direct cause for autism has not yet been determined.... [tags: Autism, Genetics, Mutation, Autism spectrum]
1362 words (3.9 pages)
- Approximately 1 in 68 children that are living in the United States of America are diagnosed with autism spectrum, this is an increase by ten in 40 years (autismspeaks, 2015). Researchers have revealed that autism is four to five times more common among boys than girls (autismspeaks, 2015). Autism is a brain developmental disability that impacts the method how a child communicates verbally as well as nonverbally. It is also the way how they interact socially in addition to their education performance (Turnbull, R., Turnbull, A., Shank, M., Smith, S.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]
798 words (2.3 pages)
- According to Autism Speaks Inc. (2015) Autism, also known as Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) effects about 3 million people in the United States. Autism is a development disability that typically shows during the first three years. Autism is an effect of a neurological disorder that disturbs the functioning of the brain. Autism is four more times dominant in boys than girls. Autism shows no cultural, racial or social boundaries. Family salary, lifestyle and education also does not affect the chance of autism.... [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]
1082 words (3.1 pages)
- Human Resource Administration
- Christianity: Justification by Faith
- Love and Destruction in City of Boones by Cassandra Clare
- An Analysis of The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini
- Environmental Text: Paolo Bacigalupi’s The Windup Girl
- Fantasy and Reality Within Of Mice and Men and The Things They Carried by John Steinbeck