Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics Essay

Autism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics Essay

Length: 1279 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 2000, one in every one hundred and fifty children was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Since then, there has been a drastic increase of the incidence of this disorder. In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control, autism spectrum disorder occurs in one out of eighty eight children. (CDC, 2013) That is a significant increase over a relatively short period of time. With such an increase, it is important to learn what autism spectrum disorder is and what might cause it.
Autism spectrum disorder is the term used for a group of disorders in brain development. It is a complex disorder and symptoms usually appear before the child is age five. It is called a spectrum disorder because each person is affected differently with different degrees of severity. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011)
There are three disorders included under the umbrella of autism spectrum disorder. They are; autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified. Autistic disorder is known as “classic autism”. When you say autism, this is what most people think of. Some of the characteristics include profound language delays, and problems with social skills. Asperger syndrome is similar to the classic autism, but with milder symptoms. People with this disorder will also have problems with social skills. Usually though, they do not have significant language delays. (Autism Speaks, 2014) Pervasive developmental disorder- not otherwise specified, is a classification for people who have certain symptoms of autistic disorder or Asperger syndrome but not the more severe symptoms. The symptoms are milder than those of the other two disorders. (CDC, Facts about ASDs, 2013)
There are t...

... middle of paper ...

Rudy, L. J. (2010). Autistic Speech and Prosody. Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Retrieved from
Ruiz, R. (2012, February 9). Nbc News Health. NBC News. Retrieved February 4, 2014, from
Teach Me to Talk. (2008). Echolalia what it is and what it means. Retrieved from
Wright, J. (2012, March 6). Genetics: Maternal and paternal age increases risk of autism. Simons
Foundation Autism Research Intiative. Retrieved February 4, 2014, from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Characteristics of High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay examples

- Autism is a developmental disorder that appears within the first three years of a child’s life. It affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills. Autism affects 1 out of 68 children. It is also the fastest growing disability in the United States. There are multiple types of Autism, some children are considered high functioning, and some are low functioning. “High functioning” is when a child with autism can function in life, and completes jobs, and chores with little to no help....   [tags: autism, social and communication skills]

Strong Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder

- Autism Spectrum Disorder   Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological disorder that affects children and individuals all over the world in large quantities. There is no known cause or cure for Autism. Autism awareness is extremely important for individuals that are affected by autism every day. Individuals and their families are struggling throughout the years, financially and emotionally. Insurance coverage for individuals on the autism spectrum is important for the duration of the individual’s life and all those involved....   [tags: socialization, treatment, routine]

Strong Essays
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) Essay

- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition of a very complex brain disorder which affects different areas of the brain. It is characterized by abnormal social interactions, varied problems with communication, and restricted or repetitive patterns of behavior which are classified in both severity and character. Autism occurs in all different socioeconomic and ethnic groups and can affect all age groups. It is estimated that 1 out of 88 children will be diagnosed with some type of autism spectrum disorder by the age of 8, with males being 4 times more likely to some type of autism spectrum disorder than females....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1387 words (4 pages)

The Diagnosis Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

- Autism has a wide assortment of symptoms that affect individuals differently and to varying degrees. The concept of Autism Spectrum Disorder allows for an easier diagnosis of autism based on behavioral characteristics ranging from social interaction, communication skills, and repetitive patterns of behavior. The diagnoses for autism are solely based on behavioral characteristics, therefore, the judgment of the parents, results from behavioral studies, and ultimately, the opinion of the clinical expertise will diagnose the child with autism....   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1043 words (3 pages)

Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- In 1908 the word “autism” was created by psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler and was used to describe a group of schizophrenic patients who had withdrawn completely into their own world. While the word “autism” has had many different meanings throughout the years all forms of autism now fall under the designation of Autism Spectrum Disorders. For me, the word “autism” is an explanation for the difficulty I have had communicating with people, my family included, since I was four years old. I was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome on November 2, 2015 less than a month away from my twenty-first birthday I was excited and my parents were glad as well, but when I told a friend she looked worried and sai...   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1747 words (5 pages)

Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

- Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder affecting many children in The United States and around the world. There is a larger category under which autism falls. This group of disorders is called Autism Spectrum Disorder. These disorders include Autism, Pervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, and Asperger’s Syndrome. Autism is the most severe of the three disorders. Although everyone diagnosed with a disorder under the Autism Spectrum umbrella will have some of the following characteristics, children with autism are the most impaired....   [tags: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder]

Strong Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

The Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay

- Describing Autism is a challenge in part because we are still unsure of what causes it. To add to the confusion most recently the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) by the American Psychiatric Association, has changed the diagnostic criteria, stating that currently “Autism Spectrum Disorder reflects a scientific consensus that four previously separate disorders are actually a single condition with different levels of symptom severity in two core domains....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1028 words (2.9 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder And Autism Essay

- Most Autistic children have different abilities and task they can and can not do, It is important to raise awareness for children with Autism. Most people do not realize how many children are diagnosed with Autism. Autistic children are not always the same, there are children diagnosed with different types of Autism. According to Autism Speaks, “Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”)....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1090 words (3.1 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) Essay

- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ASD, otherwise known as Autism Spectrum Disorder is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. The word term in this disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms that children with this disorder have. It also refers to the different levels of impairment or disability that are shown. Children with ASD have many different levels of impairment ranging from mild to severe impairment. It is said that of all children with special needs, that those who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder is the most troubling....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Genetic disorder]

Strong Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder And Autism Essay

- Understanding autism, which is professionally known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, otherwise known as (ADS) can be a difficult task, especially for someone who is not trained in helping persons with disabilities. The first person to discover autism was a child psychiatrist, Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943. He names the spectrum disorder after the Greek word autos, meaning of or for oneself, due to the way the child display social avoidance. Many doctors’ believed in the past that autism was caused by the way the mother not caring for her child properly or ignoring him or her....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1955 words (5.6 pages)